Graphium angolanus

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Angola white lady
Graphium angolanus baronis (flash) HotMarina 2012-05-02 uns.jpg
Not evaluated (IUCN 2.3)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Papilionidae
Genus: Graphium
Species: G. angolanus
Binomial name
Graphium angolanus
(Goeze, 1779)
Subspecies

See text

Synonyms
  • Papilio angolanus Goeze, 1779
  • Graphium pylades
  • Papilio corinneus Bertoloni, 1850
  • Papilio anthemenes Wallengren, 1857
  • Papilio pylades lapydes Suffert, 1904
  • Papilio pylades angolanus ab. kitungulua Strand, 1911
  • Papilio pylades-angolanus ab. hypochroa Boullet & Le Cerf, 1912
  • Papilio angolanus ab. spoliatus Schultze, 1913
  • Papilio (Cosmodesmus) pylades angolanus ab. dawanti Dufrane, 1946
  • Papilio (Cosmodesmus) pylades angolanus ab. wansoni Dufrane, 1946
  • Papilio (Cosmodesmus) pylades angolanus ab. jottrandi Dufrane, 1946
  • Papilio (Cosmodesmus) pylades angolanus ab. deficiens Dufrane, 1946
  • Papilio (Cosmodesmus) pylades angolanus ab. blariauxi Dufrane, 1946
  • Papilio (Cosmodesmus) pylades angolanus ab. addenda Dufrane, 1946
  • Graphium angolanus howelli Turlin & Lequeux, 1992
  • Graphium angolanus howelli f. jozani Turlin & Lequeux, 1992
  • Papilio corineus
  • Papilio pylades baronis Ungemach, 1932
  • Papilio pylades Fabricius, 1793
  • Papilio (Cosmodesmus) pylades pylades ab. houzeaui Dufrane, 1946
  • Graphium calabar Hancock, 1985

Graphium angolanus, the Angola white lady, is a species of butterfly in the family Papilionidae (swallowtails). It is found in Sub-Saharan Africa.[1]

The wingspan is 65–70 mm in males and 70–75 mm in females. The fight period is year-round, peaking in November and February.[2]

The caterpillars feed on Annona senegalensis, Sphedamnocarpus pruriens, Uvaria species, Landolphia buchannani, and Landolphia ugandensis.[1][2]

Subspecies[edit]

  • G. a. angolanus (Angola, southern Democratic Republic of the Congo, coast of Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, northern Botswana, northern Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Comoros)
  • G. a. baronis (Ungemach, 1932) (Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Cameroon, Congo, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Chad, Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia, western Kenya, Tanzania)

Taxonomy[edit]

Graphium angolanus belongs to a clade with six members. All have similar genitalia. The pattern is black with white marks above and with brick-red areas beneath. In G. endochus the white areas above are extensive and cover most of the wings and in G. ridleyanus the marks are usually bright red not white. The clade members are:

Ecozone[edit]

Afrotropical ecozone

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Graphium angolanus, funet.fi
  2. ^ a b Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7. 
  • Carcasson, R.H. (1960) The Swallowtail Butterflies of East Africa (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society pdf (as pylades) Key to East Africa members of the species group, diagnostic and other notes and figures. (Permission to host granted by The East Africa Natural History Society).