Greek and Coptic

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Greek and Coptic
Range U+0370..U+03FF
(144 code points)
Plane BMP
Scripts Greek (117 char.)
Coptic (14 char.)
Common (4 char.)
Major alphabets Greek
Assigned 135 code points
Unused 9 reserved code points
Source standards ISO 8859-7
Unicode version history
1.0.0 112 (+112)
1.0.1 103 (-9)
1.1 105 (+2)
3.0 110 (+5)
3.1 112 (+2)
3.2 115 (+3)
4.0 120 (+5)
4.1 124 (+4)
5.0 127 (+3)
5.1 134 (+7)
7.0 135 (+1)
Note: [1][2][3]

Greek and Coptic is the Unicode block for representing modern (monotonic) Greek. It was originally used for writing Coptic, using the similar Greek letters, in addition to the uniquely Coptic additions. Beginning with version 4.1 of the Unicode Standard, a separate Coptic block has been included in Unicode, allowing for mixed Greek/Coptic text that is stylistically contrastive, as is convention in scholarly works. Writing polytonic Greek requires the use of combining characters or the precomposed vowel + tone characters in the Greek Extended character block.

Block[edit]

Greek and Coptic[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+037x Ͱ ͱ Ͳ ͳ ʹ ͵ Ͷ ͷ ͺ ͻ ͼ ͽ ; Ϳ
U+038x ΄ ΅ Ά · Έ Ή Ί Ό Ύ Ώ
U+039x ΐ Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο
U+03Ax Π Ρ Σ Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω Ϊ Ϋ ά έ ή ί
U+03Bx ΰ α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο
U+03Cx π ρ ς σ τ υ φ χ ψ ω ϊ ϋ ό ύ ώ Ϗ
U+03Dx ϐ ϑ ϒ ϓ ϔ ϕ ϖ ϗ Ϙ ϙ Ϛ ϛ Ϝ ϝ Ϟ ϟ
U+03Ex Ϡ ϡ Ϣ ϣ Ϥ ϥ Ϧ ϧ Ϩ ϩ Ϫ ϫ Ϭ ϭ Ϯ ϯ
U+03Fx ϰ ϱ ϲ ϳ ϴ ϵ ϶ Ϸ ϸ Ϲ Ϻ ϻ ϼ Ͻ Ͼ Ͽ
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 10.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

History[edit]

In Unicode 1.0.1, a number of changes were made to this block in order to make Unicode 1.0.1 a proper subset of ISO 10646.[1][2][3]

  • The small stigma, digamma, koppa and sampi were withdrawn for further study. These characters were added back in in Unicode 3.0.0.
  • The non-spacing dasia pneumata, psili pneumata and tonos were merged with non-spacing reversed comma above, comma above and vertical line above in the Combining Diacritical Marks block. The last was replaced by the spacing tonos, while in Unicode 5.1.0 the former two were replaced by the small heta and the capital archaic sampi.
  • The non-spacing iota below and diaeresis tonos were renamed and moved to the Combining Diacritical Marks block. The latter was replaced by the spacing diaeresis tonos, while the former was replaced by the capital heta in Unicode 5.1.0.
  • The Greek question mark, the upper and lower numeral signs and the aforementioned spacing tonos and diaeresis tonos, as well as the spacing iota below were moved to new positions within the block. They were replaced by the kai, or Greek &, (in Unicode 3.0.0), the capital and small archaic koppa (3.2.0), the yot (1.1.0), an alternative capital theta and the lunate epsilon (both 3.1.0) respectively.


The following Unicode-related documents record the purpose and process of defining specific characters in the Greek and Coptic block:

Version Final code points[a] Count L2 ID WG2 ID Document
1.0.0 U+0374..0375, 037A, 037E, 0384..0386, 0388..038A, 038C, 038E..03A1, 03A3..03CE, 03D0..03D6, 03DA, 03DC, 03DE, 03E0, 03E2..03F2 103 (to be determined)
1.1 U+0387, 03F3 2 (to be determined)
3.0 U+03D7, 03DB, 03DD, 03DF, 03E1 5 L2/98-210 N1743 Everson, Michael (1998-05-25), Additional Greek characters for the UCS 
3.1 U+03F4..03F5 2 L2/00-119[b] N2191R Whistler, Ken; Freytag, Asmus (2000-04-19), Encoding Additional Mathematical Symbols in Unicode 
3.2 U+03D8..03D9, 03F6 3 L2/99-018 N1938 Everson, Michael (1998-12-12), On GREEK LETTER KOPPA 
L2/99-077.1 N1975 Irish Comments on SC 2 N 3210, 1999-01-20 
L2/00-119[b] N2191R Whistler, Ken; Freytag, Asmus (2000-04-19), Encoding Additional Mathematical Symbols in Unicode 
4.0 U+03F7..03F8 2 L2/01-007 Bunz, Carl-Martin (2000-12-21), Iranianist Meeting Report: Symposium on Encoding Iranian Scripts in Unicode 
L2/02-056 N2411 Everson, Michael (2002-01-30), Proposal to add two Greek letters for Bactrian to the UCS 
L2/02-166R2 Moore, Lisa (2002-08-09), "Scripts and New Characters - Bactrian", UTC #91 Minutes 
U+03F9 1 L2/02-314R[c] N2512 Pantelia, Maria (2002-08-21), Proposal to add the Greek Capital Lunate Sigma Symbol to the UCS 
U+03FA..03FB 2 L2/02-313R2[c] N2522 Pantelia, Maria (2002-11-07), Proposal to encode the Archaic Greek Letter San and Greek Small Letter San in the UCS 
L2/04-034 March, Jeremy; Kirk, Peter; Rourke, Patrick; Anderson, Deborah (2004-01-23), Request to Change Greek Collation Order for SAN 
4.1 U+03FC 1 L2/03-157 Pantelia, Maria (2003-05-19), Additional Beta Code Characters not in Unicode (WIP) 
L2/03-188R N2612-5 Pantelia, Maria (2003-06-11), Proposal to encode the Greek Rho with Stroke Symbol in the UCS 
U+03FD..03FF 3 L2/02-031 Anderson, Deborah (2002-01-21), TLG Miscellanea Proposal 
L2/02-033 Anderson, Deborah (2002-01-21), TLG Unicode Proposal (draft) 
L2/02-053 Anderson, Deborah (2002-02-04), Description of TLG Documents 
L2/02-273 Pantelia, Maria (2002-07-31), TLG Unicode Proposal 
L2/02-287 Pantelia, Maria (2002-08-09), Proposal Summary Form accompanying TLG Unicode Proposal (L2/02-273) 
L2/02-312R Pantelia, Maria (2002-11-07), Proposal to encode additional Greek editorial and punctuation characters in the UCS 
L2/03-324 N2642 Pantelia, Maria (2003-10-06), Proposal to encode additional Greek editorial and punctuation characters in the UCS 
5.0 U+037B..037D 3 N2942 Freytag, Asmus; Whistler, Ken (2005-08-12), Proposal to add nine lowercase characters 
5.1 U+0370..0373, 0376..0377 6 L2/04-388 Nicholas, Nick (2004-11-10), Proposal to add Greek Letter Lowercase Heta and Greek Letter Capital Heta to the UCS 
L2/04-389 Nicholas, Nick (2004-11-10), Epigraphical Greek Letters: Request for preliminary opinion 
L2/05-002 Nicholas, Nick (2005-01-01), Proposal to add Greek Letter Lowercase Heta and Greek Letter Capital Heta (Updated fonts 2005-04-28) 
L2/05-003R Nicholas, Nick (2005-01-01), Proposal to add Greek epigraphical letters 
L2/05-054 Anderson, Deborah (2005-01-31), Feedback on Proposals for Tack Hetas and Greek Epigraphical Letters (L2/05-002, L2/05-003) 
L2/05-098 Nicholas, Nick (2005-04-03), Proposal to add Greek epigraphical characters to the UCS 
L2/05-108R Moore, Lisa (2005-08-26), "C.10", UTC #103 Minutes 
U+03CF 1 L2/06-266 N3122 Everson, Michael (2006-08-06), Proposal to add Latin letters and a Greek symbol to the UCS 
7.0 U+037F 1 L2/10-474 N3997 Bobeck, Michael (2010-12-12), Proposal to encode GREEK CAPITAL LETTER YOT 
  1. ^ Proposed code points and characters names may differ from final code points and names
  2. ^ a b Refer to the history section of the Miscellaneous Mathematical Symbols-B block for additional math-related documents
  3. ^ a b See also L2/02-031, L2/02-053, L2/02-273, and L2/02-287

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Unicode 1.0.1 Addendum" (PDF). The Unicode Standard. 1992-11-03. Retrieved 2016-07-09. 
  2. ^ a b "Unicode character database". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09. 
  3. ^ a b "Enumerated Versions of The Unicode Standard". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.