Green Mill Cocktail Lounge
The Green Mill Cocktail Lounge (or Green Mill Jazz Club) is an entertainment venue on Broadway in Uptown, Chicago. It is known for its jazz and poetry performances, along with its connections to Chicago mob history.
Originally named Pop Morse's Roadhouse, the business opened in 1907. It was renamed Green Mill Gardens a few years later, a nod to the famous Moulin Rouge ("Red Mill") of Paris. In its early years, it was a popular hangout for movie actors from nearby Essanay Studios. The namesake gardens were removed in the 1920s during the construction of the Uptown Theatre on the same block.
During the Prohibition era, Jack McGurn of Al Capone's Chicago Outfit became a part-owner. Singer and comedian Joe E. Lewis was attacked by McGurn's men in 1927 after he refused to take his act to the Green Mill. Lewis' throat was slashed, but he survived. The incident inspired the 1957 film The Joker Is Wild. A network of tunnels underneath the establishment was used by the gangsters for various purposes.
Al Capone's favorite booth is still in the establishment located directly west of the short end of the bar. Capone and his men would sit here because it afforded clear views of both the front and back entrances to the establishment. It is rumored that there is still an access hatch to the tunnels located directly behind the long end of the bar that leads underneath the street to an adjacent building; this is how Capone was able to elude the authorities when he visited the Green Mill.
After the end of Prohibition, the Green Mill became a more reputable establishment, attracting many popular jazz acts. The business began to struggle in the 1970s, but was revitalized with a new owner in the 1980s. In 1986, the Green Mill became home to the Uptown Poetry Slam.
Over the years, the Green Mill has appeared in many films, such as Thief (1981), Next of Kin (1989), V. I. Warshawski (1991), Prelude to a Kiss (1992), Folks! (1992), A Family Thing (1996), Soul Food (1997), High Fidelity (2000), and The Break-Up (2006).
- Randolph H. Hudson and Jan Pinkerton. Encyclopedia of the Chicago Literary Renaissance. Infobase Publishing, 2004. 146.
- Arnie Bernstein. Hollywood on Lake Michigan. Lake Claremont Press, 1998. 227-230.
- Harold Henderson. "Uptown History". Chicago Reader. March 30, 2007. Retrieved on March 15, 2012.
- Robert Elder. "Gangster underworld?; In tunnels below the Green Mill, a maze of Prohibition-era history and myth". Chicago Tribune. June 28, 2007. Retrieved on March 15, 2012.
- "Uptown Poetry Slam turns 21 with bash". Chicago Sun-Times. July 20, 2007. NC27.