Gregor von Scherr

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Gregor von Scherr

Archbishop of Munich and Freising
ArchdioceseMunich and Freising
SeeMunich and Freising
Appointed19 June 1856
Installed28 August 1856
Term ended24 October 1877
PredecessorKarl August von Reisach
SuccessorAntonius von Steichele
Ordination4 August 1829
Consecration3 August 1856
by Antonio Saverio De Luca
Personal details
Born(1804-06-22)22 June 1804
Died24 October 1877(1877-10-24) (aged 73)
DenominationRoman Catholic

Archbishop Gregor Leonhard Andreas von Scherr (22 June 1804 – 24 October 1877), OSB was Archbishop of Munich and Freising from 1856 until 1877.


Born on 22 June 1804,[1] Neunburg vorm Wald, he was ordained on 4 August 1829, aged 25 as a priest of Regensburg, Germany by Cardinal Antonio Saverio De Luca. On 29 December 1833, aged 29, he joined the Order of Saint Benedict (OSB) and later became Abbot of St. Michael's Abbey at Metten.[2]

On 6 January 1856, aged 51, he was appointed Archbishop of Munich and Freising. He was confirmed as Archbishop on 19 June 1856, aged 52, and installed two months later. Von Scherr endeavoured to preserve the Catholic character of the schools. For the maintenance of the lesser seminaries of the diocese which had been obliged to receive an exceptionally large number of candidates to the priesthood, he founded St. Corbinian's Association, and erected a lesser seminary in Freising. He introduced into his diocese the devotion of the Perpetual Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament, and instituted pastoral conferences of the clergy.[2]

At the First Vatican Council, he voted with the minority, but submitted at once to the decision of the council. In April 1871 Bishop Von Scherr excommunicated Ignaz von Döllinger, professor at the University of Munich, for his concerted opposition to the Council's decrees.[3]

The last years of his episcopate were embittered by the support which the Bavarian Government, under the leadership of Lutz, minister of worship, gave to the Old Catholic movement, whose most zealous champions were resident in Munich.[2]

He died on 24 October 1877, aged 73. He was a priest for 48 years and a bishop for 21 years.


 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Munich-Freising". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.

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Catholic Church titles
Preceded by Archbishop of Munich
Succeeded by