Grenada tree anole

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Grenada tree anole
Richard's anole (Anolis richardii) J.JPG
Richard's anole, Jamaica
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Iguania
Family: Polychrotidae
Genus: Anolis
Species: A. richardii
Binomial name
Anolis richardii
A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1837
  • Anolis Richardii
    A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1837
  • Anolis occipitalis
    Gray, 1840
  • Anolis stenodactylus
    Gray, 1840
  • Ptychonotus (Ctenodeira) richardii
    Fitzinger, 1843
  • Anolis trossulus
    Garman, 1887
  • Anolis richardi
    Schwartz & Henderson, 1991
  • Dactyloa richardii
    Nicholson et al., 2012
on Tobago

The Grenada tree anole, or Richard's anole (Anolis richardii ) is a species of anole lizard in the family Dactyloidae. The species is endemic to the Caribbean.


The specific name, richardii, is in honor of French botanist Louis Claude Marie Richard.[2]

Geographic range[edit]

A. richardii is native to Grenada and the Grenadines islands, and it has been introduced to Tobago.[3]


A. richardsii is large for an anole, with males reaching a maximum length of 140 mm (5.5 in) snout-to-vent. It has a dark green or brown dorsal surface, with a green-gray to yellow ventral surface. Its dewlap is orange, yellow, or gray-green. Females and juveniles often have a yellow or cream-colored lateral stripe.[3]


  1. ^ "Anolis richardii ". The Reptile Database.
  2. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Anolis richardii [sic]", p. 220).
  3. ^ a b Malhotra, Anita; Thorpe, Roger S. (1999). Reptiles and Amphibians of the Eastern Caribbean. London: Macmillan Education Ltd. ISBN 0-333-69141-5. (Anolis richardii, pp. 104, 106).

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Boulenger, G.A. (1885). Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Second Edition. Volume II. Iguanidæ ... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiii + 497 pp. + Plates I-XXIV. (Anolis richardii, pp. 37–38).
  • Duméril, A.M.C.; Bibron, G. (1837). Erpétologie générale ou Histoire naturelle complète des Reptiles. Tome quatrième. [= General Herpetology or Complete Natural History of the Reptiles. Volume 4 ]. Paris: Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret. 571 pp. + errata et emendanda. ("Anolis Richardii ", new species, pp. 141–142). (in French).
  • Nicholson, Kirsten E.; Crother, Brian I.; Guyer, Craig; Savage, Jay M. (2012). "It is time for a new classification of anoles (Squamata: Dactyloidae)". Zootaxa 3477: 1-108. (Dactyloa richardii, new combination).
  • Schwartz, A.; Thomas, R. (1975). A Check-list of West Indian Amphibians and Reptiles. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication No. 1. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Carnegie Museum of Natural History. 216 pp. ("Anolis richardi [sic]", p. 98).