Grid cell topology

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The grid cell topology is studied in digital topology as part of the theoretical basis for (low-level) algorithms in computer image analysis or computer graphics.

The elements of the n-dimensional grid cell topology (n ≥ 1) are all n-dimensional grid cubes and their k-dimensional faces ( for 0 ≤ kn−1); between these a partial order AB is defined if A is a subset of B (and thus also dim(A) ≤ dim(B)). The grid cell topology is the Alexandrov topology (open sets are up-sets) with respect to this partial order. (See also poset topology.)

Alexandrov and Hopf first introduced the grid cell topology, for the two-dimensional case, within an exercise in their text Topologie I (1935).

A recursive method to obtain n-dimensional grid cells and an intuitive definition for grid cell manifolds can be found in Chen, 2004. It is related to digital manifolds.

See also[edit]


  • Digital Geometry: Geometric Methods for Digital Image Analysis, by Reinhard Klette and Azriel Rosenfeld, Morgan Kaufmann Pub, May 2004, (The Morgan Kaufmann Series in Computer Graphics) ISBN 1-55860-861-3
  • Topologie I, by Paul Alexandroff and Heinz Hopf, Springer, Berlin, 1935, xiii + 636 pp.
  • Chen, L. (2004). Discrete Surfaces and Manifolds: A Theory of Digital-Discrete Geometry and Topology. SP Computing. ISBN 0-9755122-1-8.