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Grishma is short for Grishmarutu, the Sanskrit word meaning summer. This is one of the six seasons (ritu), each lasting two months: Vasant (spring), Grishma (summer), Varsha (monsoon), Sharad (autumn), Hemant (pre-winter), and Shishir (winter).

It falls in the two months (Rashi, Saur Maas, or solar months) of Jayeshtha and Aashadh as per Hindu calendar, or April and May as per Gregorian calendar. It is preceded by Vasant, the spring season, and followed by Varsha, the rainy season.

The word grishma is also used as name for girls. The word grishma is also used for heat.


  • Selby, Martha Ann (translator). The Circle of Six Seasons, Penguin, New Delhi, 2003, ISBN 0-14-100772-9
  • Raghavan, V. Ṛtu in Sanskrit literature, Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Kendriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha, Delhi, 1972.