Guillon, Yonne

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Guillon
Guillon is located in France
Guillon
Guillon
Coordinates: 47°30′54″N 4°05′38″E / 47.51500°N 4.0939°E / 47.51500; 4.0939Coordinates: 47°30′54″N 4°05′38″E / 47.51500°N 4.0939°E / 47.51500; 4.0939
Country France
Region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Department Yonne
Arrondissement Avallon
Canton Guillon
Area1 11.94 km2 (4.61 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 460
 • Density 39/km2 (100/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 89197 / 89420
Elevation 203–328 m (666–1,076 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Guillon is a commune in the Yonne department in Burgundy in north-central France. It is located near the Côte-d'Or and the Nièvre department.

Guillon once had a castle and a peripheral wall. The location of the castle, demolished in 1418, is no longer known.

During the Hundred Years' War, Guillon was occupied by the English army until a treaty was signed in 1360 between Burgundy and England known as the Treaty of Guillon or the Treaty of Golden Sheep. Under this three-year agreement, the Burgundians paid 200,000 gold pieces to the English. After this agreement Edward III stayed at the Chateau de Guillon. This is the sole historical reference to the castle. As soon as the political situation allowed for peace, a bridge was built in the early 15th century over the Serein to promote trade. The bridge took its current form in 1866 after a widening of the road.

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