Gunaras Kakaras

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Gunaras Kakaras
Born (1939-01-08) 8 January 1939 (age 80)
Padaičiai, near Biržai, Lithuania[1]
Alma materVilnius University
Known forStars Photometry[2]
Scientific career
FieldsAstronomy and Astrophysics
InstitutionsLithuanian Museum of Ethnocosmology

Gunaras Imantas Kakaras (born 8 January 1939, Padaičiai near Biržai[1]) is a Lithuanian astronomer, founder and director of Lithuanian Museum of Ethnocosmology.[3][4] He is widely known in Lithuania and Post-Soviet states as a scientist, advocating and popularising Lithuanian ethnic culture along with astronomy.[5][6]

In 1967, he published his first book Šimtas astronomijos mįslių (A Hundred Mysteries of Astronomy).[2] In 1977, together with Algimantas Ažusienis and Antanas Juška, Kakaras released a textbook Astrofizika.[2][7] His field of interests has evolved into unique concept of ethnocosmology. This new idea was widely supported in Lithuania, and resulted in establishing Lithuanian Museum of Ethnocosmology in 1990,[3][4] which was built near Molėtai Astronomical Observatory, and until now is led by Kakaras himself.[citation needed] Asteroid 231040 Kakaras was named in his honor.[4] The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 25 September 2018 (M.P.C. 111803).[8]


  1. G. Kakaras, "Šimtas astronomijos mįslių", Vaga, Vilnius, Lithuania, 1967[9][10]
  2. G. Kakaras, A. Ažusienis and A. Juška, "Astrofizika", Textbook, Vilnius, Lithuania, 1977[2]


  1. ^ a b (in Lithuanian) Astronomijos istorija
  2. ^ a b c d "Lietuvos astronomijos istorija". Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  3. ^ a b (in Lithuanian) Lietuvos muziejai
  4. ^ a b c "231040 Kakaras (2005 EX282)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  5. ^ "Ethnocosmology and Mythology in Lithuania". Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  6. ^ Saukienė, Inga (26 October 2010). "kontaktas su ateiviais įmintų žmonijos atsiradimo mįslę". Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  7. ^ lt:Antanas Juška (1902)
  8. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  9. ^ "the European Library". Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  10. ^ "Open Library". Retrieved 12 September 2013.

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