György Enyedi (Unitarian)

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György Enyedi, in Latin Georgius Eniedinus (1555-28 Nov. 1597) was a Hungarian Unitarian bishop, moderator of the John Sigismund Unitarian Academy in Kolozsvár and writer known as the "Unitarian Plato".[1]

Enyedi's major work was the anti-Trinitarian Explicationes (1598) which circulated widely in Europe. The first Catholic refutation of the Explicationes was Ambrosio Peñalosa's Opus egregium (1635).[2] According to Marshall (1994), Locke started his reading of Unitarian writers with Enyedi in 1679,[3][4] before more extensive exploration of Socinian works 1685-86.

Works[edit]

A short biography and bibliography is included in Christof Sand's Bibliotheca Anti-Trinitariorum (1684).[5]

  • Explicationes locorum Veteris & Novi Testamenti, ex quibus trinitatis dogma stabiliri solet., 2nd ed. 1598, 3rd edition probably Groningen, 1670.
  • De Divintate Christi
  • A collection of his sermons, that remained unprinted, though copied in various surviving manuscripts in Transylvania. [6]

Unknown or mis-attributed works[edit]

  • Explicatio locorum Catechesis Racoviensis - Commentary on the Racovian Catechism, though Christopher Sand (1684) notes "in truth Enyedi died before the Racovian Catechism ... came to light", and concludes that it is a preface to an earlier catechism of Gregorio Pauli and Fausto Sozzini.
  • Preface for the Racovian New Testament - though Sand notes again that the two known Racovian translations, "of Smalcius and Crell (sic) into Polish", and Stegman into German, both appeared after Enyedi's death.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mihály Balázs, Gizella Keserű György Enyedi and Central European Unitarianism in the 16-17th centuries Balassi Kiadó, 2000
  2. ^ Antal Molnár Sur la genèse d'une polémique catholique contre Enyedi
  3. ^ John Marshall John Locke: resistance, religion and responsibility 1994 Page 337
  4. ^ Mester Béla The Connection between the Unitarian Thought and Early Modern Political Philosophy 2002
  5. ^ Page 93-94 "M S. GEORGIUS ENIEDINUS Húngaras,"
  6. ^ Lovas Borbála, 'Másolási stratégiák Enyedi György prédikációinak hagyományozódásában' ('Copying Strategies in the Textual Tradition of György Enyedi's Sermons') Studia Litteraria 2013/3-4, 79-94.