Gyōson (行尊, 1055/1057—21 March 1135), also known as the Abbot of Byōdō-in (平等院大僧正 Byōdō-in Dai Sōjō), was a Japanese Tendai monk and waka poet of the late-Heian period. He became chief prelate of the Enryaku-ji temple in Kyoto, and one of his poems was included in the Ogura Hyakunin Isshu. Almost fifty of his poems were included in imperial anthologies, and he produced a private collection of poetry.
At age twelve, he entered Mii-dera, eventually becoming its Abbot (園城寺長吏 Onjō-ji Chōri), and practiced the Shugendō austerities of the yamabushi for many years and made pilgrimages to various provinces. At age 25, he received the abhisheka (阿闍梨灌頂 ajari-kanjō) from Raigō (頼豪).
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In later literature
- McMillan, Peter. 2010 (1st ed. 2008). One Hundred Poets, One Poem Each. New York: Columbia University Press.
- Suzuki Hideo, Yamaguchi Shin'ichi, Yoda Yasushi. 2009 (1st ed. 1997). Genshoku: Ogura Hyakunin Isshu. Tokyo: Bun'eidō.
- Kondō, Jun'ichi (December 1973), "Gyōson Daisōjō (Jō): Shōgai to Sakuhin" (PDF), Hokkaidō Daigaku Jinbun Kagaku Ronshū, Sapporo: Hokkaido University: 69–133, retrieved 20 August 2015
- List of Gyōson's poems in the International Research Center for Japanese Studies's online waka database.
- Gyōson on Kotobank.