Zebra moray

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Zebra moray
Gymnomuraena zebra by NPS.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Anguilliformes
Family: Muraenidae
Genus: Gymnomuraena
Lacépède, 1803
Species: G. zebra
Binomial name
Gymnomuraena zebra
(G. Shaw, 1797)

Echidna zebra

The zebra moray, Gymnomuraena zebra, is a species of marine fish in the family Muraenidae. It is the only member of the genus Gymnomuraena, though it sometimes has been included in Echidna instead.


The zebra moray is considered as a medium-sized fish even if it can reach a maximum length of 150 cms. However, the average size commonly observed is more of the order of 50 cm.[1] It is densely banded dark and whitish, giving rise to its common name.[2] Its snout is round and short.

Distribution & habitat[edit]

The zebra moray is widespread throughout the Indo-Pacific area from eastern coast of Africa until western coast of America, including the Red Sea, Hawaii and Galápagos.[3][4]

The zebra moray is a benthic fish, its favorite habitat corresponds to the rocky or coral reef on coastal shallow water between 1 to 39 meters deep.[5]


Gymnomuraena zebra has a nocturnal activity and actively hunt its prey. Unlike most other moray eels, it feeds almost exclusively on crustaceans, sea urchins and mollusks.[6][7]


  1. ^ Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p.
  2. ^ Sommer, C., W. Schneider and J.-M. Poutiers, 1996. FAO species identification field guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of Somalia. FAO, Rome. 376 p.
  3. ^ Fricke, R., 1999. Fishes of the Mascarene Islands (Réunion, Mauritius, Rodriguez): an annotated checklist, with descriptions of new species. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein, Theses Zoologicae, Vol. 31:759 p.
  4. ^ McCosker, J.E. and R.H. Rosenblatt, 1995. Muraenidae. Morenas. p. 1303-1315. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome.
  5. ^ Mundy, B.C., 2005. Checklist of the fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletins in Zoology. Bishop Mus. Bull. Zool. (6):1-704.
  6. ^ Lieske, E. and R. Myers, 1994. Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p.
  7. ^ Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka, 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 302 p.