Hälsingland Regiment

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Hälsingland Regiment
Hälsinge regemente
Gävleborgsgruppen vapen.svg
Active 1630–1709, 1709–1713, 1713–1997
Country  Sweden
Allegiance Swedish Armed Forces
Branch Swedish Army
Type Infantry regiment
Size Regiment
Part of 5th Military District (1833–1889)
6th Military District (1889–1893)
6th Army Division (1893–1901)
VI Army Division (1902–1927)
Northern Army Division (1928–1936)
II Army Division (1937–1943)
II. Military Area (1943–1966)
Eastern Military Area (1966-1982)
Lower Norrland Military Area (1966-1982)
Lower Norrland Military Area (1982-1993)
Middle Military Area (1982-1993)
Garrison/HQ Gävle
Motto(s) "Fasthet, Förmåga, Förtroende" ("Solidity, Ability, Confidence")
Colors Black and white
March "Marcia militaris" (Schmidt)[1]
Battle honours Novgorod (1611), Warszawa (1656), Fredriksodde (1657), Tåget över Bält (1658), Lund (1676), Landskrona (1677), Narva (1700), Düna (1701), Jakobstadt (1704), Gemäuerthof (1705), Malatitze (1708), Gadebusch (1712)
Insignia
Unit insignia m/1960 AM.090975-I 14 (2).jpg
Shoulder sleeve insignia Tilläggstecken för Hälsinge regemente.jpg

The Hälsingland Regiment (Swedish: Hälsinge regemente), designations I 14, I 14/Fo 49 and I 14/Fo 21, was a Swedish Army infantry regiment that traced its origins back to the 16th century. It was disbanded in 1997. The regiment's soldiers were originally recruited from the provinces of Hälsingland and Gästrikland, and it was later garrisoned in Gästrikland.

History[edit]

The regiment has its origins in fänikor (companies) raised in Hälsingland and Gästrikland in the 1550s and 1560s. In 1615, these units—along with fänikor from the nearby provinces of Medelpad, Ångermanland and Västerbotten—were organised by Gustav II Adolf into Norrlands storregemente, of which eleven of the total 24 companies were recruited in Hälsingland and Gästrikland. Norrlands storregemente consisted of three field regiments, of which Hälsinge regemente was one. Sometime around 1624, the grand regiment was permanently split into three smaller regiments, of which Hälsinge regemente was one.

The regiment was officially raised in 1630 although it had existed since 1624. Hälsinge regemente was one of the original 20 Swedish infantry regiments mentioned in the Swedish constitution of 1634. The regiment was also called Joakim Brahes regemente after its first commander Joakim Brahe. It was allotted in 1682 as the second Swedish regiment to be so, after Dalregementet.

The regiment was given the designation I 14 (14th Infantry Regiment) in a general order in 1816. Hälsinge regemente was garrisoned in Gävle from 1909. In 1973, the regiment gained the new designation I 14/Fo 49 as a consequence of a merge with the local defence area Fo 49. When the local defence area changed designation to Fo 21 in 1982, the designation changed to I 14/Fo 21. The regiment was disbanded in 1997, and the barracks that had been refurbished in 1995–1996 were turned into a college campus for the University College of Gävle.

Heraldry and traditions[edit]

The regiment have carried a number of colour over the years. In 1897, King Oscar II presented a new colour to the two battalions of the regiment, which then replaced the 1850 colour.[2] On 29 September 1952, the 1897 colour was replaced[2] when the regiment was presented with a new colour in Gävle by His Majesty the King Gustaf VI Adolf. It was used as regimental colour by I 14/Fo 21 until 1 January 1998.[3] The new colour was similar to the 1850 colour. It was white and black, which is also the regimental colour, and taken from Hälsingland (black) and Gästrikland (white).[2] The colour is drawn by Brita Grep. It has not been possible to discover who has manufactured the colour. It is embroidered by hand in insertion technique. Blazon: "On cloth per saltire black and white the provincial badge of Hälsingland; a rampant yellow buck, armed red. On a yellow border at the upper side of the colour, battle honours (Novgorod 1611, Warszawa 1656, Fredriksodde 1657, Tåget över Bält 1658, Lund 1676, Landskrona 1677, Narva 1700, Düna 1701, Jakobstadt 1704, Gemäuerthof 1705, Malatitze 1708, Gadebusch 1712) in black".[3]

In 1959, the Hälsinge regementes (I 14) förtjänstmedalj ("Hälsingland Regiment Medal of Merit") in gold (HälsregGM) of the 8th size was established. The same year, the Kungl. Hälsinge regementes belöningsmedalj ("Royal Hälsingland Regiment Reward Medal") in gold (HälsregGM) was established. In 1959 and 1985, the Hälsinge regementes förtjänstmedalj ("Hälsingland Regiment Medal of Merit") in silver (HälsregSM) were established. The medals from 1959 and 1982 are of the 8th size. In 1992, the medals were reinstated as a Jeton, but then of the 12th size. All medals have a split ribbon in white and black.[4][5][6]

In connection with the disbandment of the regiment, its traditions came from 1 January 1998 onwards to be continued by Gävleborg Group (Gävleborgsgruppen).[2] From 1 July 2013 the Gävleborg Battalion, within the Gävleborg Group.[7]

Campaigns[edit]

The Hälsinge regemente memorial monument in Gävle. The inscription reads: "Here at Kungsbäck soldiers of war were trained 1909–1993. Hälsinge regemente ceased in 1997. Solidity–Ability–Confidence."

Organisation[edit]

Commanding officers[edit]

Regimental commanders active at the regiment during the years 1627–1997.[8]

  • 1630–1360: Joachim Brahe
  • 1630–1638: Åke Ulfsparre
  • 1638–1645: Johan Oxenstierna
  • 1645–1645: Johan Strijk
  • 1645–1654: Gustaf Saabel
  • 1654–1655: Gustaf Oxenstierna
  • 1655–1660: Carl Larsson Sparre
  • 1660–1669: Henrik Johan Taube
  • 1670–1673: Anders Månsson Arenfeldt
  • 1673–1683: Gustaf Karl von Wulffen
  • 1683–1698: Ludvig Wilhelm Taube
  • 1698–1700: Carl Gustaf Frölich
  • 1700–1708: Jöran von Knorring
  • 1708–1723: Gideon Fock
  • 1710–1717: Reinhold Henrik Otto Horn
  • 1717–1724: Lorentz von Nummers
  • 1723–1738: Henrik Magnus von Buddenbrock
  • 1739–1750: Johan Karl Silversparre
  • 1750–1762: Reinhold Otto Fock
  • 1762–1772: Anders Rudolf Du Rietz
  • 1772–1776: Fredrik Gyllenswan
  • 1776–1782: Arvid Nils Stenbock
  • 1782–1809: Gustaf Wilhelm von Kaulbars
  • 1809–1815: Fredrik Christian von Platen
  • 1815–1847: Adolf Ludvig von Post
  • 1847–1856: Charles Emil Rudbeck
  • 1856–1860: Alexander Reuterskiöld
  • 1860–1861: Sven Peter Bergman
  • 1861–1864: Nils Henrik Hägerflycht
  • 1864–1868: Axel Krister Gregersson Leijonhuvud
  • 1868–1874: Ernst von Vegesack
  • 1874–1882: Johan Gottlieb Wilhelm von Rehausen
  • 1882–1893: Carl Bror Munck af Fulkila
  • 1893–1901: Knut Robert Fabian Reuterskiöld
  • 1901–1902: Johan Kasimir De la Gardie
  • 1902–1909: Wilhelm Ernst von Krusenstjerna
  • 1909–1915: Carl Alexander Fock
  • 1915–1923: Georg Nyström
  • 1923–1932: Henning Stålhane
  • 1932–1933: Ernst Hortelius
  • 1933–1934: Ernst af Klercker
  • 1934–1940: Casper Ehrnborg
  • 1941–1946: Carl Hamnström
  • 1946–1955: Hans Berggren
  • 1955–1957: Curt Göransson
  • 1957–1967: Axel Henriksson
  • 1967–1968: Nils Sköld
  • 1968–1971: Jan Smedler
  • 1968–1969: Carl-Henrik Gåsste (acting)
  • 1971–1973: Carl-Henrik Gåsste
  • 1973–1975: Allan Månsson
  • 1975–1982: Carl-Henrik Gåsste
  • 1982–1987: Ingmar Arnhall
  • 1987–1991: Karl-Evert Englund
  • 1991–1992: Folke Ekstedt
  • 1993–1994: Hans Berndtson
  • 1994–1994: Lars-Erik Ljungkvist (acting)
  • 1994–1997: Tomas Bornestaf

Name, designation and garrison[edit]

Name Translation From To
Joakim Brahes regemente Joakim Brahe's Regiment 1630 1634
Hälsinge regemente Hälsingland Regiment 1633 31 December 1997
Designation From To
I 14 1816 30 June 1973
I 14/Fo 49 1 July 1973 30 June 1982
I 14/Fo 21 1 July 1982 31 December 1997
Training ground
or garrison town
From To
Florhed 1630 1689
Mohed 1689 14 February 1909
Gävle (G) 15 February 1909 31 December 1997

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Participated as the various fänikor that later formed the regiment.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sandberg 2007, p. 202
  2. ^ a b c d Braunstein 2003, pp. 65–67
  3. ^ a b Braunstein 2004, p. 88
  4. ^ "HälsregGM(2)". www.medalj.nu (in Swedish). Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  5. ^ "HälsregGM(1)". www.medalj.nu (in Swedish). Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  6. ^ "HälsregSM". www.medalj.nu (in Swedish). Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  7. ^ "Försvarets traditioner i framtiden – Bilaga 3" (PDF) (in Swedish). Statens försvarshistoriska museer/Försvarets traditionsnämnd. 2012-07-01. p. 2. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  8. ^ Kjellander 2003, pp. 270-271

Print[edit]

  • Braunstein, Christian (2003). Sveriges arméförband under 1900-talet. Skrift / Statens försvarshistoriska museer, 1101-7023 ; 5 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Statens försvarshistoriska museer. ISBN 91-971584-4-5. LIBRIS 8902928. 
  • Braunstein, Christian (2004). Svenska försvarsmaktens fälttecken efter millennieskiftet [The flags and standards of the Swedish armed forces after the turn of the millennium] (PDF). Skrift / Statens försvarshistoriska museer, 1101-7023 ; 7 [dvs 8] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Statens försvarshistoriska museer. ISBN 91-971584-7-X. LIBRIS 9815350. 
  • Kjellander, Rune (2003). Sveriges regementschefer 1700-2000: chefsbiografier och förbandsöversikter (in Swedish). Stockholm: Probus. ISBN 91-87184-74-5. LIBRIS 8981272. 
  • Sandberg, Bo (2007). Försvarets marscher och signaler förr och nu: marscher antagna av svenska militära förband, skolor och staber samt igenkännings-, tjänstgörings- och exercissignaler (in Swedish) (New ed.). Stockholm: Militärmusiksamfundet med Svenskt marscharkiv. ISBN 978-91-631-8699-8. LIBRIS 10413065. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Kungl. Hälsinge regemente i beredskap 1939-1945: [Utg. av Hälsinge regementes kamratförening] (in Swedish). Gävle: Utg. 1945. LIBRIS 1408167. 
  • Kungl. Hälsinge regementes historia: förbandet och bygden (in Swedish). [Gävle]: [Hälsinge regementes historiekommitté]. 1968. LIBRIS 8213520. 
  • Mankell, Julius (1866). Anteckningar rörande svenska regementernas historia (in Swedish) (2nd ed.). Örebro: Lindh. pp. 293–309. LIBRIS 1549756. 
  • Wickberg, Erik (1946). Hur Hälsinge regemente kom till: 300-årsjubileet 1924 firades sex år för tidigt? (in Swedish). Gävle. LIBRIS 3201918. 
  • Wickberg, Erik (1949). Hälsinge regementes uppkomst (in Swedish). Lund. LIBRIS 3201915. 
  • Björkenstam, Knut, ed. (1994). Så levde man på Kungsbäck: Hälsinge regemente i Gävle 1909-1994 : minnesbilder från ett regemente i förvandling (in Swedish). Gävle: Hälsinge regemente. ISBN 91-630-2735-6. LIBRIS 7450121. 
  • Björkenstam, Knut, ed. (1998). Så minns vi Kungsbäck: Hälsinge regementes chefer 1968-1997 berättar. Bocken, 0347-299X ; 1998 (in Swedish). Gävle: Kungl Hälsinge regementes kamratförening. ISBN 91-630-7763-9. LIBRIS 7453619. 
  • Olsson-Brink, Olle; Biörkman, Lars G. (1988). Järvsö indelta kompani och Kramstalägret (in Swedish). [Järvsö]: [O. Olsson-Brink]. ISBN 91-7970-179-5. LIBRIS 7678054. 

Coordinates: 60°40′08″N 17°07′11″E / 60.66889°N 17.11972°E / 60.66889; 17.11972