H.J.C. Turner

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H.J.C. Turner
HJC Turner.jpg
Birth nameHenry John Cecil Turner
Date of birth23 January 1850[1]
Place of birthWartling, Sussex, England [2]
SchoolSt Nicholas College, Lancing (Lancing College)[1]
Rugby union career
Position(s) Forward
Senior career
Years Team Apps (Points)
Manchester Football Club ()
National team(s)
Years Team Apps (Points)
1871-1871  England 1

Henry John Cecil Turner was a rugby union international who represented England in 1871 in the first international match.[3]

Early life[edit]

H.J.C. Turner was born in Wartling, Sussex in 1850, and was christened on 3 March 1850 in the parish church.[4] He was the younger son of John Turner (1817 to 1858) and Louisa Kemp (born 1824). His father was the Curate of Wartling at the time, a graduate of Balliol College, Oxford University (B.A. 1838, M.A. 1844),[5] he became the Rector of Tiffield in 1853 and died in 1858. Henry had at least two brothers, Edmund Malcolm Turner (born 1847) and Cyril James (born 1852), and two sisters, Ellen (born c.1849) and Alice Mary (1854–1945). His brother was educated at Marlborough College[6] but Henry was educated at St Nicholas College, Lancing (Lancing College)[1] Having entered Lancing in 1861 and left in 1867, he would have been a contemporary at Lancing with Reginald Birkett who later played alongside him in the England rugby squad. His brother, Cyril James, also went to Lancing and eventually became a member of Lloyd's of London.

Rugby union career[edit]

By 1871, Turner had moved to Manchester and there he played for the Manchester Football Club.[7] Turner made his international debut on 27 March 1871 at Edinburgh in the Scotland vs England match,[3] the first international rugby match. He was one of four Manchester players to be selected. He was not selected to play for England again, perhaps due to his possible emigration.

Later life and career[edit]

In 1871, Turner was living in Manchester, boarding at the Albion Hotel in the Piccadilly district of the city. He was a banker's clerk.[8] His brother, Edmund, had migrated to the United States previous to this, but whether Henry joined him there is not known. His old school, Lancing College, registered him as having died in a publication of their register in 1900, but a date or details were not given.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d The Lancing College magazine, Issue 2, p1248, 1877 (Publisher: C. Cull and Son)
  2. ^ Census Returns of England and Wales, 1851. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO), 1851. Class: HO107; Piece: 1638; Folio: 135; Page: 7; GSU
  3. ^ a b H.J.C. Turner Profile on scrum.com
  4. ^ Parish registers for Wartling, 1538–1892 Church of England. Parish Church of Wartling (Sussex), Date and place from LDS IGI Individual Record for christening
  5. ^ Oxford University Alumni, 1500–1996 (ancestry.com)
  6. ^ Marlborough College Register, from 1843 to 1869 inclusive, publ. 1870, p. 68
  7. ^ Marshall, Francis, Football; the Rugby union game, p144, (1892) (London Paris Melbourne, Cassell and company, limited)
  8. ^ Census Returns of England and Wales, 1871. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO), 1871. Class: RG10; Piece: 4046; Folio: 73; Page: 5; GSU roll: 846336.