Hugh Fraser Stewart

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Hugh Fraser Stewart (1863–1948) was a British academic, churchman and literary critic.


He was the second son of Ludovic(k) Charles Stewart, an army surgeon and son of Ludovick Stewart of Pityvaich, and Emma Ray or Rae. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge from 1883, where he graduated B.A. in 1886. He then taught as an assistant master at Marlborough College, from 1889 to 1895, and as housemaster of C1 from 1893. He was ordained in 1894, and was vice-principal of Salisbury Theological College, from 1895 to 1899. He became chaplain of Trinity College in 1900, for a year.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Stewart was elected a Fellow and became Dean of St John's College, Cambridge, in 1907.[1] A meeting at H. M. Chadwick's house in 1916, with Stewart and Arthur Quiller-Couch, was significant in the launching of the Cambridge English Tripos.[7] Stewart moved to Trinity College in 1918, where he became Praelector in French.[8][9]

In 1919 Stewart became a Fellow of Eton College, and in 1922 Reader in French.[1]

Close to Paul Desjardins, whom he met through Jacques Raverat in 1913, Stewart took part at the meetings of the Décades de Pontigny.[10]

St John's Church at Little Gidding, visited by the Frasers and T. S. Eliot in 1936

On 23 May 1936 Hugh and Jessie Stewart took T. S. Eliot to Little Gidding, a visit that had been proposed a decade earlier by Jessie. Eliot's interest had been aroused by a play he had been given to read by George Every, dealing with the contact Charles I of England had had with the Little Gidding community in 1646.[11][12]


Stewart wrote on French literature, and translated the works of Blaise Pascal, on whom he was considered an authority.[13] His works included:

  • Boethius: an essay (1891)
  • Thirteen Homilies of St. Augustine on St. John XIV (1904)
  • Invocation of Saints (1907)
  • Memoir of J. E. B. Mayor (1911), in a collection he edited of sermons of John Eyton Bickersteth Mayor.[14]
  • The Holiness of Pascal (1915), Hulsean Lectures[15]
  • Francis Jenkinson, Fellow of Trinity College Cambridge and University Librarian (1926).[16][17] Jenkinson's second wife was Stewart's sister Margaret.[18]
  • Translations from the Pensées:
    • The Secret of Pascal (1941)
    • Pascal's Apology for Religion (1942)
    • The Heart of Pascal (1945)

The Classical Movement in French Literature (1923), The Romantic Movement (1910) and The French Romanticists (1914) were anthologies that Stewart edited with Arthur Tilley.[15] French Patriotism in the Nineteenth Century, traced in contemporary texts (1923) was edited with Paul Desjardins.


Stewart married in 1902 Jessie Graham Crum, daughter of William Graham Crum of Renfrewshire. They had five children: Ludovick Drumin; Jean Margaret; Katherine Fraser; Frideswide Frances Emma; and Margaret Campbell.[19]


  1. ^ a b c "Janus: Papers of Hugh Fraser Stewart". University of Cambridge. Retrieved 2015-06-12.
  2. ^ "Stewart, Hugh Fraser (STWT883HF)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. ^ Mackenzie, Alexander (1896). "History of the Frasers of Lovat, with genealogies of the principal families of the name: to which is added those of Dunballoch and Phopachy". Internet Archive. Inverness: A. & W. Mackenzie. p. 723. Retrieved 2015-06-12.
  4. ^ "Trinity College Chapel – Chaplains of Trinity College". Retrieved 2015-06-12.
  5. ^ "H. F. Stewart – Christian Classics Ethereal Library – Christian Classics Ethereal Library". Christian Classics Ethereal Library. Retrieved 2015-06-13.
  6. ^ "Marlborough College Register from 1843 to 1904 Inclusive: With Alphabetical Index". 1905. p. 21. Retrieved 2015-06-13.
  7. ^ Jackson, Kevin (2004). Humphrey Jennings. Picador. p. 58. ISBN 0330354388.
  8. ^ Peter Linehan (2011). St John's College, Cambridge: A History. Boydell Press. p. 450. ISBN 978-1-84383-608-7.
  9. ^ Robert Seymour Bridges; Lionel Muirhead; Donald Elwin Stanford (1984). The Selected Letters of Robert Bridges: With the Correspondence of Robert Bridges and Lionel Muirhead. University of Delaware Press. p. 1014. ISBN 978-0-87413-204-5.
  10. ^ Fraser Mackenzie (1949). Studies in French Language, Literature, and History, Presented to R. L. Græme Ritchie. CUP Archive. p. 220. GGKEY:R0EBEFKE985.
  11. ^ Ronald Schuchard Goodrich C. White Professor of English Emory University (13 September 1999). Eliot's Dark Angel: Intersections of Life and Art: Intersections of Life and Art. Oxford University Press, USA. p. 181. ISBN 978-0-19-534908-5.
  12. ^ Thomas Stearns Eliot; Valerie Eliot; John Haffenden (2011). The Letters of T.S. Eliot: 1926–1927. Yale University Press. p. 171 note 3. ISBN 978-0-300-18723-6.
  13. ^ Thomas Stearns Eliot; Valerie Eliot; John Haffenden (2011). The Letters of T.S. Eliot: 1926–1927. Yale University Press. p. 65. ISBN 978-0-300-18723-6.
  14. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1912). "Mayor, John Eyton Bickersteth". Dictionary of National Biography, 1912 supplement​. 2. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  15. ^ a b "Trinity College Chapel – Hugo Fraser Stewart". Retrieved 2015-06-12.
  16. ^ Frederick Wilse Bateson (1940). The Cambridge bibliography of English literature. 2. 1660 – 1800. CUP Archive. p. 138. GGKEY:SQT257C7TNL.
  17. ^ H. F. Stewart (14 November 2013). Francis Jenkinson. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-69002-8.
  18. ^ David, McKitterick. "Jenkinson, Francis John Henry". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/34178. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  19. ^ Arthur Charles Fox-Davies, ed. (1929). "Armorial Families: a Directory of Gentlemen of Coat-Armour". p. 857. Retrieved 2015-06-12.