HMSAS Africana

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History
South Africa
Name: Africana
Owner: South African Department of Sea Fisheries
Builder: Hall Russell Aberdeen
Launched: 1930
Christened: Africana
Out of service: 1939
Homeport: Cape Town
South Africa
Name: HMSAS Africana
Owner: South African Seaward Defence Force
Commissioned: 10 September 1939
Decommissioned: 10 April 1947. Returned to Department of Sea Fisheries
Homeport: Simon's Town
Identification: T01 (to 1944) and T501 (1944-1947) [1]
Honours and
awards:
South African Waters 1939-1945[2]
General characteristics
Type: Minesweeping Trawler
Displacement: 313 tons standard
Length: 38.4 m (126 ft)
Beam: 7.65 m (25.1 ft)
Draught: 3.84 m (12.6 ft)
Propulsion: One coal-fired 3-cylinder triple-expansion reciprocating engine
Speed: 11 kn (20 km/h; 13 mph) maximum

HMSAS Africana[Note 1] was a minesweeping trawler of the South African Seaward Defence Force during the Second World War.[3] She was originally a sea fisheries research vessel and was latter fitted for mine-sweeping and survey duties in the early 1930s.[4] She was retained for survey duties off the South African coast throughout the war and in October 1942 she was involved in the rescue of survivors from the American cargo vessel Anne Hutchinson after she was torpedoed by U-504 off East London.[5] In addition to survey, she was used extensively for search and rescue operations in the latter part of the war and her final rescue operation was rescuing 49 survivors of the Canadian SS Point Pleasant Park[6][Note 2] which was torpedoed by U-510 on 23 February 1945 off the coast of Luderitz Bay.[7]

After the war, Africana was returned to the South African Department of Sea Fisheries and was re-fitted as a fishery survey vessel, starting her first post-war survey in May 1947. She remained in service in this role until 1950 when she was replaced by the new survey vessel Africana II. She was sold to Benjamin Gelcer who used her as a fishing trawler. She later joined the fishing fleet of Irwin and Johnson and was used until 1965 when she was finally withdrawn from fishing service and broken up in Table Bay, to be sold as scrap.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ HMSAS stands for "His (or Her) Majesty's South African Ship"
  2. ^ This was last vessel to be sunk in South African waters during the Second World War

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pennant Numbers in the SA Navy
  2. ^ For operations within a radius of 1000 nautical miles of the South African Coast, including South West Africa.
  3. ^ a b Du Toit, Allan (1992). South Africa's Fighting Ships: Past and Present. Ashanti. p. 33. ISBN 1-874800-50-2. 
  4. ^ Harris, C.J. (Capt. SAN) (1991). War at Sea: South African Maritime Operations during World War II. Ashanti. p. 6. ISBN 1-874800-16-2. 
  5. ^ Anne Hutchinson at uboat.net
  6. ^ Point Pleasant Park at uboat.net
  7. ^ Harris, C.J. (Capt. SAN) (1991). War at Sea: South African Maritime Operations during World War II. Ashanti. p. 335. ISBN 1-874800-16-2.