HMS Coureuse (1795)
|Launched:||1788 04 1785|
|Acquired:||Purchased at Cayenne April 1794|
|Commissioned:||June 1794 at Lorient|
|Captured:||26 February 1795|
|Kingdom of Great Britain|
|Acquired:||26 February 1795 by capture|
|Fate:||Sold April 1799|
|General characteristics |
|Displacement:||33 tons (French)|
|Tons burthen:||55 85⁄94 (bm), or 18 (French; "of load")|
|Beam:||15 ft 9 in (4.8 m)|
|Depth of hold:||6 ft 5 in (2.0 m)|
HMS Coureuse was a schooner launched in 1785 or 1788 in the United States and acquired and armed at Lorient in 1794. The British captured her in 1795 and the Royal Navy briefly used her as a dispatch vessel in the Mediterranean. The Admiralty sold her in 1799.
In February 1795 Coureuse, under the command of Enseigne de vaisseau Landais (acting), was escorting a convoy of three brigs and two luggers carrying clothes for the Army from Île-Tudy to Île de Groix when the convoy had the misfortune to encounter a squadron under Captain Sir John Borlase Warren in Pomone. Pomone captured all six vessels. At the time of her capture her captors described Curieuse (name latter corrected to Coureuse) as a schooner belonging to the National Convention government and carrying eight brass guns.
The frigates Artois, Galatea and Anson, and the hired armed lugger Duke of York assisted Pomone in the capture. The British latter scuttled two of the brigs of little value that they had captured from the convoy, but took the other four vessels as prizes, with Coureuse being taken into service.
Notes, citations, and references
- Actually, the rank was "Lieutenant de vaisseau non entretenu", where "non entrentenu" means "not paid", or "without a salary". The rank was that of Lieutenant, but junior to "Lieutenant de vaisseau entretenu". In addition to not being paid, an officer "non entretenu" would wear the uniform and have authority only when on service. There was a fixed number of positions for "entretenus", which required a competitive examination, while there was an unlimited number of "non entretenus", and one could obtain the status by a simple examination or by captaining a merchantman.
- Chapelle, Howard Irving (1967) The search for speed under sail, 1700–1855 (New York: Norton).
- Fonds Marine. Campagnes (opérations ; divisions et stations navales ; missions diverses). Inventaire de la sous-série Marine BB4. Tome premier : BB4 1 à 209 (1790-1804) 
- Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-246-1.
- Winfield, Rif & Stephen S Roberts (2015) French Warships in the Age of Sail 1786 - 1861: Design Construction, Careers and Fates. (Seaforth Publishing). ISBN 9781848322042