French frigate Bellone (1807)

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Grand Port mg6974.jpg
Bellone at the Battle of Grand Port.
History
French Navy EnsignFrance
Name: Bellone
Namesake: Bellona
Ordered: 14 January 1803
Builder: Saint Servan (near Saint Malo; Ethéart company), plans by Sané
Laid down: March 1806
Launched: 18 April 1807
Commissioned: 8 May 1809
Captured: 4 December 1810
Royal Navy EnsignUnited Kingdom
Name: Junon[1]
Acquired: 4 December 1810 by capture
Out of service: 1817
General characteristics
Class and type: Consolante-class frigate
Displacement: 1320 tonnes
Tons burthen: 10918394 (bm)
Length: 48.75 metres (159.9 ft)
Beam: 12.2 metres (40 ft)
Draught: 5.9 metres (19 ft)
Propulsion: Sail
Armament:
Armour: Timber

Bellone was a 44-gun Consolante-class frigate of the French Navy.

French service[edit]

Bellone, under the command of Guy-Victor Duperré, departed Saint-Malo on 18 January 1809, bound for the Indian Ocean. She sailed from La Réunion for a combat patrol in August. On 2 November she captured HMS Victor. Twenty days later, she captured the 48-gun Portuguese Minerva after a 2-hour battle. Bellone sailed back to La Réunion with her prize, arriving on 2 January 1810.

In April 1810, the squadron comprising Bellone, Minerve and Victor departed for another patrol, during which they fought the Action of 3 July 1810 and the Battle of Grand Port.

Bellone was surrendered to the British when Île de France fell, on 4 December 1810.

British service[edit]

Bellone was recommissioned in the Royal Navy as HMS Junon.

In June 1812, Junon escorted a convoy from Portsmouth to India.

On 8 February 1813, nine boats and 200 men of the squadron of which Junon was part captured the letter of marque schooner Lottery. Lottery was of 210 tons burthen (bm), copper-bottomed and fastened, and carried six 12-pounder carronades, though she was pierced for 16 cannon. Her crew put up a strong defense with the result that the British cutting out party suffered six men wounded, half severely or dangerously, one of whom died later; Junon herself suffered two men wounded. The Americans suffered 19 men wounded, including their captain, John Southcomb, before they struck. Southcomb died of his wounds and his body was taken ashore.[2] Lottery had been carrying a cargo of coffee, sugar and lumber from Baltimore to Bordeaux.[3] A week later Lottery convoyed several prizes to Bermuda.[4] The Royal Navy took Lottery into service as HMS Canso.

In June, Bellone's boats raided the James River, and she sustained attack by US gunboats.

On 3 April 1814, as she sailed with HMS Tenedos, she encountered the USS Constitution, which fled at all sail, dropping drinking water and food overboard, and eventually making it to Marblehead harbour.

References[edit]

  1. ^ HMS Junon, Naval Database
  2. ^ Maclay (1900), pp.464-5.
  3. ^ "No. 16712". The London Gazette. 16 March 1813. pp. 550–551.
  4. ^ "No. 16718". The London Gazette. 6 April 1813. p. 699.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Fonds Marine. Campagnes (opérations ; divisions et stations navales ; missions diverses). Inventaire de la sous-série Marine BB4. Tome deuxième : BB4 1 à 482 (1790-1826) [1]
  • Maclay, Edgar Stanton (1900), A history of American privateers. (Sampson, Low, Marston & co,)
  • Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours, 1671 - 1870. Group Retozel-Maury Millau. p. 71. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922.
  • Troude, Onésime-Joachim (1867). Batailles navales de la France. 4. Challamel ainé. pp. 152–153.