|Intersecting Storage Rings||CERN, 1971–1984|
|Proton-Antiproton Collider (SPS)||CERN, 1981–1991|
|ISABELLE||BNL, cancelled in 1983|
|Superconducting Super Collider||Cancelled in 1993|
|Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider||BNL, 2000–present|
|Large Hadron Collider||CERN, 2009–present|
|Future Circular Collider||Proposed|
A hadron collider is a very large particle accelerator built to test the predictions of various theories in particle physics, high-energy physics or nuclear physics by colliding hadrons. A hadron collider uses underground tunnels to accelerate, store, and collide two particle beams.
Only a few hadron colliders have been built. These are:
- Intersecting Storage Rings (ISR), European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), in operation 1971-1984.
- Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS), CERN, used as a hadron collider 1981-1984.
- Tevatron, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), in operation 1983-2011.
- Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), Brookhaven National Laboratory, in operation since 2000.
- Large Hadron Collider (LHC), CERN, in operation since 2008.
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