Haki R. Madhubuti
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Haki R. Madhubuti
|Born||Don Luther Lee|
February 23, 1942
Little Rock, Arkansas United States
|Alma mater||Iowa Writers' Workshop|
|Literary movement||Black Arts Movement|
|Notable works||Third World Press|
|Notable awards||American Book Award|
Haki R. Madhubuti (born Don Luther Lee on February 23, 1942, in Little Rock, Arkansas, United States) is an African-American author, educator, and poet, as well as a publisher and operator of black-themed bookstore.
Madhubuti is a much sought-after poet and lecturer, and has convened workshops and served as guest/keynote speaker at thousands of colleges, universities, libraries and community centers in the U.S. and abroad.
Born Donald Luther Lee in Little Rock, Arkansas, Madhubuti adopted his current Swahili name after visiting Africa in the early 1970s. Madhubuti was raised in Detroit, Michigan, with his mother until the age of 16, when she died from a drug overdose. Madhubuti claims that his mother, Maxine, is the prime force behind his creativity and interest in the Black Arts. After serving in the U.S. Army from 1960 to 1963, Madhubuti received a Master of Fine Arts degree from the prestigious Iowa Writers' Workshop at the University of Iowa.
Haki Madhubuti became deeply interested in and influenced by the Black Arts and figures such as Richard Wright at an early age. He is a major contributor to the Black literary tradition, in particular through his early association with the Black Arts Movement beginning in the mid-1960s, and has had a lasting and major influence. Recognizing the lack of resources and institutions dedicated to black scholars, Madhubuti has become a leading proponent of independent Black institutions. He was one of the founders of Third World Press (established in 1967), where he was also publisher, and chairman of the board. Today, Third World Press is the largest independent black-owned press in the United States.
In December 1967, Haki R. Madhubuti met with Carolyn Rodgers and Johari Amini in the basement of a South Side Chicago apartment to found Third World Press, an outlet for African-American literature. Forty years later in 2007, the company continued to thrive in a multimillion-dollar facility. Over the years, this press would publish works for Pulitzer Prize-winning author Gwendolyn Brooks, as well as Amiri Baraka, Sonia Sanchez, Sterling Plumpp and Pearl Cleage.
Heavily influenced by his creative predecessor Gwendolyn Brooks, Madhubuti's poetry is similar marked by a rhythmic, experimental style, frequently in the free verse form. Also like Brooks, Madhubuti's poetic bibliography is characterized by a shift from the personal to the political over the span of his career. He has dedicated a number of poems to her and is the founder and previously the director emeritus of the Gwendolyn Brooks Center for Black Literature and Creative Writing.
Over the years, he has published 28 books (some under his former name, "Don L. Lee") and remains one of the world's best-selling authors of poetry and non-fiction, with books in print in excess of 3 million. His subsequent books include Claiming Earth: Race, Rage, Rape, Redemption (1994), GroundWork: New and Selected Poems 1966–1996 (1996), and HeartLove: Wedding and Love Poems (1998).
Madhubuti has also co-edited two volumes of literary works from Gallery 37: releasing The Spirit (1998), and Describe the Moment (2000). His poetry and essays were published in over 30 anthologies from 1997 to 2001. He also wrote Tough Notes: A Healing Call For Creating Exceptional Black Men (2002). Perhaps his most famous work, Black Men: Obsolete, Single, Dangerous?: The African American Family in Transition, a nonfiction book about African American social issues, was published in 1990 and has sold more than 1,000,000 copies.
Besides co-founding a publishing company, Madhubuti is the co-founder of the Institute of Positive Education/New Concept Development Center (established in 1969), and co-founder of the Betty Shabazz International Charter School (established 1998) in Chicago, Illinois. He is also a founder and board member of the National Association of Black Book Publishers, a founder and chairman of the board of The International Literary Hall of Fame for Writers of African Descent, and founder and director of the National Black Writers Retreat. Prior to stepping down, Madhubuti held the position of Distinguished University Professor, co-founder and director emeritus of the Gwendolyn Brooks Center for Black Literature and Creative Writing and director of the Master of Fine Arts in Creative Writing program at Chicago State University.
Madhubuti's 2005 book, Yellow Black, is an autobiographical novel detailing the first 21 years of his life. He currently resides in Chicago, Illinois, with his wife Safisha (Carol D. Lee), Professor Emerita at Northwestern University.
- Black Men: Obsolete, Single, Dangerous?: The African American Family in Transition (1990)
- Claiming Earth: Race, Rage, Rape, Redemption (1994)
- GroundWork: New and Selected Poems 1966–1996 (1996)
- HeartLove: Wedding and Love Poems (1998)
- Yellow Black: The First Twenty-One Years of a Poet's Life (2005)
- "Haki Madhubuti". Poetry Foundation.
- Turner, Melissa (December 1, 2009). "Haki R. Madhubuti (Don L. Lee) (1942–)". blackpast.org. Retrieved December 17, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Library System - Howard University". howard.edu. Retrieved December 17, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Amy Alexander, "Tavis Smiley's Covenant", The Nation, September 18, 2006.
- "Black America Web". Black America Web. Retrieved December 17, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Norton Anthology of African American Literature, vol. 2 (Third ed.). New York: W. W. Norton. 2014. pp. 858–860. ISBN 9780393923704.
- Haki R. Madhubuti, "Gwendolyn Brooks", Poetry Foundation.
- "National Advisory Council". americanwritersmuseum.org. Retrieved December 17, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Haki Madhubuti". poets.org. Retrieved December 17, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "'Yellow Black': Autobiography of a Poet", NPR, November 2, 2005.
- Bosman, Julie (September 29, 2017). "Haki Madhubuti, the Book Publisher on the South Side". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331.
- "Haki Madhubuti interview". Evening of Poetry at Hopkins House. October 6, 2006. Archived from the original on August 13, 2007. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Haki Madhubuti Stars in Motherland (film)
- Photographs and posters featuring Haki Madhubuti from the EBR African American Cultural Life digital collection, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
- Appearances on C-SPAN