Hakimiyet-i Milliye

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Hakimiyet-i Milliye (Turkish: National Sovereignty) was a Turkish newspaper established by Atatürk in 1920.[1] and functioned as the major newspaper of Turkish nationalist movement during the Turkish war of independence.[2] It was renamed to Ulus in 1934. The first editor was Ahmet Ağaoğlu.[3]


  1. ^ Schumann, Christoph (2008). Liberal Thought in the Eastern Mediterranean: Late 19th Century Until the 1960s. BRILL. p. 192. ISBN 9789004165489.
  2. ^ Shaw, Stanford J. (1977). History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey: Volume 2, Reform, Revolution, and Republic: The Rise of Modern Turkey 1808-1975, Volume 11. Cambridge University Press. p. 486. ISBN 9780521291668.
  3. ^ Shissler, A. Holly (2003). Between Two Empires: Ahmet Agaoglu and the New Turkey. I.B.Tauris. p. 185. ISBN 9781860648557.