Hall of Justice
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A Hall of Justice is an occasional term for a city's police headquarters, and exists in cities across the United States. In some cases, the facility may also house courts as well as jails. In some US cities, the Hall of Justice is called the Justice Center.
In Los Angeles the Hall of Justice was the centerpiece of the Los Angeles County justice system until it was damaged in the Northridge earthquake. The historic 1925 building was featured on television shows including Dragnet, Perry Mason and Get Smart. More significantly, it was the home of Los Angeles County courts, the Los Angeles County Coroner, the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Office, and the Los Angeles County District Attorney, and was for many years the primary Los Angeles County jail.
Notable residents of the Hall of Justice included Charles Manson, Sirhan Sirhan and Shorty Rossi, star of the Animal Planet show Pit Boss. Autopsies performed at the Hall of Justice include those of actress Marilyn Monroe and the assassinated presidential candidate and former United States Attorney General Robert Kennedy. It was used as a filming location for the 1997 Clint Eastwood movie Absolute Power, as the Washington DC police headquarters.
The Hall of Justice was closed shortly after sustaining damage as a result of the 1994 Northridge earthquake. In 2015, the building re-opened after undergoing a complete restoration. The restoration and retrofit of the building was performed by the design build team consisting of Clark Construction, AC Martin Architects, and Englekirk Structural Engineers. The offices of the Los Angeles County Sheriff and the District Attorney were relocated back to the building after it reopened.
In San Francisco, the old Hall of Justice was opposite Portsmouth Square on Kearny Street between Washington and Merchant. A hotel, the Hilton San Francisco Financial District, now stands on this site. The old Hall of Justice was burned down during the 1906 earthquake and rebuilt in 1910 by city architect Newton J. Tharp. The fourth floor window design, the famous images of half-circle, fan-shaped windows from the floor, appear in numerous police dramas such as The Lineup in the 1950s to Ironside, the American television program starring Raymond Burr, in the 1960s. The San Francisco Hall of Justice is also frequently mentioned in the works of Dashiell Hammett and James Patterson. It was demolished in 1968. The current Hall of Justice, located on 850/880 Bryant Street, serves as SFPD's operational headquarters, "Southern Station". It is internally referred to as "850 Bryant" and "the hall". The complex serves as the main San Francisco County Jail, as well as base of operations and headquarters for the San Francisco Sheriff's Department, and garage for the majority of vehicles for the SFPD. The famed San Francisco Police motorcycle traffic division is completely based out of it as well. In 1994, the Hall was renamed for Thomas J. Cahill, the legendary Chief of the SFPD from 1958 to 1970.
The San Francisco Hall of Justice is also the justice center for the San Francisco County Superior Court criminal division.
The Hall of Justice is also the Office of the San Francisco Chief Medical Examiner and city morgue.