Halwell

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Halwell
Halwell from near Moreleigh, South Devon - geograph.org.uk - 98894.jpg
The village of Halwell as seen from nearby Moreleigh
Halwell is located in Devon
Halwell
Halwell
Halwell shown within Devon
OS grid reference SX776531
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TOTNES
Postcode district TQ9 7
Dialling code 01548
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Devon
50°21′58″N 3°43′16″W / 50.366°N 3.721°W / 50.366; -3.721Coordinates: 50°21′58″N 3°43′16″W / 50.366°N 3.721°W / 50.366; -3.721

Halwell is a village, former parish and former manor in Devon, South West England. It is presently administered by the civil parish of Halwell and Moreleigh, itself administered by South Hams district council.

Location[edit]

It is located 5 miles (8.0 km) south of Totnes, 6 miles (9.7 km) north of Kingsbridge and 8 miles (13 km) west of Dartmouth, on the junction of the A381 and A3122 roads serving the three towns.

History[edit]

During the Saxon era Halwell was one of the four burhs, or fortified settlements, established in Devon by King Alfred the Great (d.899), King of Wessex from 871 to 899, to defend against invasion by Vikings.[1] At that time the other three were Exeter, Pilton (near Barnstaple) and Lydford.[2] Halwell had its own mint and issued its own coinage. According to the Burghal Hidage (an early 10th Century document describing all burhs then functioning), Halwell's town wall was 1,237 feet long and the garrison consisted of 300 men who could be drawn from the surrounding district in the event of an invasion. However by the close of the 11th century[3] its status as a burh had been transferred to Totnes, 5 miles to the north and situated on the River Dart, probably because it was better placed for trade at a time when the Viking threat had diminished,[citation needed] after which the significance of Halwell greatly decreased.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hoskins, W.G., A New Survey of England: Devon, London, 1959 (first published 1954), p.104
  2. ^ Hoskins, p.104
  3. ^ Hoskins, p.104 "within a century" of the 10th century