The name Hamaxing was derived from Japanese "Hamasen (濱線)", meaning "beach railway line", this being the Japanese name of two railways which passed through this area. It used to be the hub for railway and ocean cargo. It was the center of politics, economy, and fishing industry. The area also was the pioneer of modernization of Kaohsiung where the first modernized city street, tap water installation, electricity and lamps were made there. Before the establishment of Kaohsiung Station, Hamaxing was a regular stop for passenger trains.