Hamburg temple model

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The floor plan of the Hamburg model corresponds to the lack of outdoor gallery from the plan of Juan Bautista Villalpando: : In Ezechielem Explanationes 1604.

The Hamburg temple model is a baroque architectural model of the Temple of Solomon. It covers an area of about 12 square metres (130 sq ft) and is made from wood. It is square, with four wings and nine courtyards, two of them in the central axis.

It was made from 1680 to 1692 after being commissioned by the Hamburg senator and founder and director of the Hamburg Opera, Gerhard Schott. The model was first exhibited at the Hamburg Opera. After his death, Schott's heirs put the model up for sale in London, where it was acquired by an agent of Frederick Augustus I, King of Poland. In 1732 it was taken to Dresden, where it was shown as part of the collection of Jewish ceremonial art. After the restructuring of this collection in the early 19th Century the model had several owners, before being acquired by the Hamburgmuseum in 1910.

Schott's model is in the tradition of many Renaissance and Baroque attempts at reconstruction of the temple by theological and architectural scholars. The Hamburg-based model closely follows an interpretation by the Spanish Jesuit Juan Bautista Villalpando in 1604, in turn, based on the Third Temple described in the Book of Ezekiel.

The reason the expensive and complex model was commissioned is unknown.


  • Korey, Michael. "Der Tempel Salomonis im Dresdener Zwinger, Facetten und Spiegelungen eines Barocken Architekturmodells". Dresdner Kunstblätter (in German). 4/2009: 48–59. ISSN 0418-0615. 
  • Korey, Michael (2010). Thomas Ketelsen, ed. Fragmente der Erinnerung. Der Tempel Salomonis im Dresdner Zwinger; Facetten und Spiegelungen eines barocken Architekturmodells und eines frühen jüdischen Museums. Berlin: Deutscher Kunstverlag. ISBN 9783422070196. 
  • Jaacks, Gisela (1982). Abbild und Symbol. Das Hamburger Modell des Salomonischen Tempels (in German). 17/82. Hamburg: Museum für Hamburgische Geschichte. 
  • Jaacks, Gisela (1997). Hamburg zu Lust und Nutz, Bürgerliches Musikverständnis zwischen Barock und Aufklärung (1660-1760) (in German). Hamburg: Verein für Hamburgische Geschichte. 
  • Lauffer, Otto (1911). Das Modell des Tempels Solomonis (in German). Jahresbericht des Museums für Hamburgische Geschichte für das Jahr 1910. Hamburg: Gräfe und Sillem. pp. 17–24. 
  • Vogelsang, Bernd (1979). "Archaische Utopien", Materialien zu Gerhard Schotts Hamburger "Bühnenmodell" des Templum Salomonis (in German). 

External links[edit]

Media related to Hamburg temple model at Wikimedia Commons