Hans Mikosch

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Hans Mikosch
Born (1898-01-07)7 January 1898
Kattowitz, German Empire
Died 18 January 1993(1993-01-18) (aged 95)
Reichshof, Germany
Allegiance  German Empire
 Weimar Republic
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch Army
Years of service 1914–20
1935–45
Rank Generalleutnant
Commands held 10th Panzergrenadier Division
13th Panzer Division
Battles/wars

World War I


World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Hans Mikosch (7 January 1898 – 18 January 1993) was a German general (Generalleutnant) in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded the 10th Panzergrenadier Division and then the 13th Panzer Division. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. Mikosch surrendered to the Red Army in April 1945; he remained in captivity until 1955.

Biography[edit]

Born in 1898, Mikosch volunteered for the army of Imperial Germany in 1914. After two years service in World War I, he received a commission in an engineer battalion. After the war, he joined the police force where he remained for several years until he rejoined the German Army in 1935 as an engineer.[1] With the rank of Oberstleutnant (lieutenant colonel), he commanded the 51st Engineer Battalion which fought in the Battle of Poland in 1939 and assisted in the capture of Fort Eben-Emael in Belgium on 11 May 1940.[2] Shortly afterwards, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.[3]

Promoted to Oberst in 1942,[1] Mikosch was commander of the 677th Pioneer Regiment, which took part in the Battle of Stalingrad and saw him awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves,[4] and the following year, was temporary commander of the 10th Panzergrenadier Division from late July to late December, during which it fought in Operation Citadel and the Battle of Kiev. He then took command of the 13th Panzer Division on 23 December. His new command, which had been heavily engaged on the Eastern Front, was withdrawn from the front and underwent a refit.[5] During this time he was promoted to Generalmajor (major general).[1] On its return to the front, the 13th Panzer Division took part in the Battle of the Korsun–Cherkassy Pocket and the subsequent retreat to the Bug River.[5]

After his period in command of the 13th Panzer Division ended in May 1944, Mikosch took up a post as commandant of the town of Boulogne in France. He later commanded Higher Engineering Command XIII and then towards the end of the war, he was responsible for fortifications in East Prussia. Having been promoted to Generalleutnant (lieutenant general) the previous month, he surrendered to the Soviet forces on 8 April 1945. He was held in the Soviet Union for over 10 years before being released. He later lived in Westphalia, where he died in 1993.[1]

Awards and decorations[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Mitcham 2007, p. 116.
  2. ^ Mitcham 2007, pp. 168–169.
  3. ^ a b Fellgiebel 2000, p. 255.
  4. ^ a b Fellgiebel 2000, p. 58.
  5. ^ a b Mitcham 2007, p. 114.
  6. ^ a b Thomas 1998, p. 85.
  7. ^ Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 311.

References[edit]

  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Mitcham, Samuel W. (2007). Panzer Legions: A Guide to the German Army Tank Divisions of WWII and Their Commanders. Mechanicsburg, PA, United States: Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-3353-3. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 2: L–Z] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Generalmajor August Schmidt
Commander of 10th Panzergrenadier Division
July 1943 – December 1943
Succeeded by
Generalmajor August Schmidt
Preceded by
Generalmajor Eduard Hauser
Commander of 13th Panzer Division
23 December 1943 – 17 May 1944
Succeeded by
Oberst Freiderich von Hake