Hans Neurath (October 29, 1909 – April 2002) was a biochemist, a leader in protein chemistry, and the founding chairman of the Department of Biochemistry at the University of Washington in Seattle. He was born in Vienna, Austria and received his doctorate in 1933 from the University of Vienna. He then studied in London and at the University of Minnesota. In 1938, he was appointed professor at Duke University, where he established a research program on the physical chemistry of proteins.
Neurath was a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a foreign member of the Max Planck Society of Germany.
Neurath had wide-ranging interests in the physical chemistry of proteins. He published seminal papers on protein structure and denaturation and debunked early models of protein structures, notably those of William Astbury. His research focused mainly on the proteases, (proteins that act as enzymes cleaving other proteins).
Writing and editing
Neurath wrote more than 400 papers. He founded two journals of protein science: Biochemistry, which he edited from 1961 to 1991; and Protein Science, which he edited from 1991 to 1998. He also edited three volumes of "The Proteins," a reference work.
Work in Seattle
Neurath founded the Department of Biochemistry at the University of Washington, Seattle, and served as its chair from 1950 until 1975, when he retired. His department produced three winners of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine: Edwin G. Krebs and Edmond H. Fischer, who stayed in Seattle; and Martin Rodbell, who earned his PhD in the department and went on to a distinguished career at the NIH.
Neurath was also part-time scientific director of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle.
Neurath was married to Susi Spitzer Neurath for 41 years. He had a son, Peter F. Neurath, from an earlier marriage; two stepchildren, Margaret Albrecht and Frank Meyer; and three step-grandchildren.
He died at the age of 92 on April 12, 2002 in Seattle.
- Neurath, H., "Evolution of proteolytic enzymes", Science 1984, volume 224, 350-357. doi:10.1126/science.6369538
- Neurath, H., "Proteolytic processing and physiological regulation", Trends Biochem. Sci. 1989, volume 14, 268-271. doi:10.1016/0968-0004(89)90061-3
- "THE HANS NEURATH AWARD". proteinsociety.org. Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2016-03-03.