|Zophos cf. baudoni from Dominica|
H. B. Baker, 1931
These are North American land snails. They occur from Alaska, through coastal Canada, and as far south as northern Mexico, but they are predominantly snails of the eastern and western United States.
Their shells vary in size from small (7 mm in diameter, or about 0.3 inches) to medium (32 mm, about 1.3 inches), usually with a low, flattened spire, a very wide umbilicus, and usually with the upper lip margin (at the aperture) curving downwards or straightened.
They have a number of anatomical peculiarities.
The structure of the radula of these snails (their "teeth") is unusual. Essentially, haplotrematids have fewer cusps than most snails, but they are considerably elongated, suitable for the predatory life they follow. Members of this family have been given the common name "lancetooth" snails, presumably based on this last anatomical characteristic. Their sole food source consists, as far as is known, of other terrestrial mollusks.
Genera within the family Haplotrematidae include:
- Baker, Horace B. (1931). Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 82: 405.
- Pilsbry, Henry A. 1946. Land Mollusca of North America (North of Mexico). Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Monograph 3, vol. 2(1): 201-230.
- Binney, William G. 1878. The Terrestrial Air-Breathing Mollusks of the United States and Adjacent Territories of North America. Vol. 5 (plates). Bull. Mus. Comparative Zool., Harvard. Plate 20.
- http://www.xerces.org/Wings/spring2003.htm Atkinson, Jim. Wings: Spring 2003. Living in a World of Tastes and Smells.
- Barker G. M.: Gastropods on Land: Phylogeny, Diversity and Adaptive Morphology. in Barker G. M. (ed.): The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, ISBN 0-85199-318-4. 1-146, cited pages: 139 and 142.
- Gude (1911). Proc. malac. Soc. London 9: 269.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Haplotrematidae.|