Harold S. Ferguson
He was born in Park Street, near Grosvenor Square, London, the fourth child of Robert Ferguson (1799–1865) and Mary Mcleod of Skye. His father was born in India, a close friend of Sir John Macpherson, Governor-General of India and Sir Walter Scott. Robert was an eminent physician who also took an interest in insects, literature and other matters becoming Physician Extraordinary to Queen Victoria. Harold spent most of his life in India in Travancore.
Career as zoologist
He was connected to the State Museum at Trivandrum from 1880 onwards, and from 1894 until his retirement from India in 1904 was director of the museum. Ferguson was interested in all aspects of natural history of the region and he contributed to the herpetology of the state.
He became a member of the British Ornithologists' Union in 1886 and was elected a fellow of the Zoological Society in 1891. Ferguson's toad Bufo scaber is named after him. He discovered a species of butterfly endemic to the southern Western Ghats, the Travancore evening brown butterfly (Parantirrhoea marshalli) as well as Mycalesis oculus.
He contributed numerous specimens to the collections of the British Museum.
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- Ferguson, H.S. (1904). A list of Travancore Batrachians. Journal of Bombay Natural History Society. Vol. 15(3): 499-509
- Anon. 1902. A list of the fellows of the Zoological Society of London. page 44
- Boulenger, GA (1891) Description of a new species of frog obtained by Mr H S Ferguson in Travancore, South India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 6:450
- Boulenger, GA (1892) Description of a new toad from Travancore. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 7:317-318
- Marshal, GFL & L de Niceville (1882). The butterflies of India, Burmah and Ceylon. 1. Calcutta Central Press. p. 4.
- Anon. 1906. The history of the collections contained in the natural history departments of the British Museum. Volume 2. British Museum, London. pp. 351, 670, 673