|Date of birth||September 5, 1909|
|Place of birth||Detroit, Michigan, U.S.|
|Date of death||May 2, 2000(aged 90)|
|Place of death||Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S.|
|1933–1935||New York Giants|
|1936–1937||Brooklyn/Rochester Tigers (AFL II)|
|Awards||Douglas Fairbanks Trophy, 1932
Helms Athletic Foundation Player of the Year Award, 1932
NFL All-Pro Quarterback, 1933
Harry Lawrence Newman (September 5, 1909 – May 2, 2000) was an American football quarterback who played for the University of Michigan Wolverines (1930–32), the New York Giants (1933–35), and the Brooklyn/Rochester Tigers (1936–37).
In Newman's three years at Michigan, the Wolverines lost only one game, won three Big Ten Conference championship, and had a combined record of 24–1–2. As a senior in 1932, Newman led the team to an undefeated season and national championship, as he played 437 out of 480 minutes of game time in Michigan's eight games. In 1932, Newman was a unanimous first-team All-American, and the recipient of the Douglas Fairbanks Trophy as Outstanding College Player of the Year (predecessor of the Heisman Trophy), and the Helms Athletic Foundation Player of the Year Award, the Chicago Tribune Silver Football trophy as the Most Valuable Player in the Big Ten Conference.
NFL New York Giants
As a rookie with the New York Giants in 1933, Newman was an All-Pro and led the NFL in passes completed (53), passing yards (973), touchdown passes (11), and longest pass completion (78 yards). Newman's 973 passing yards stood as the NFL single-season record until 1937 when Arnie Herber threw for 1,239 yards. He also led the Giants, and was sixth in the NFL, with 437 yards rushing in 1933. With 1,547 yards of total offense (973 passing, 437 rushing and 137 receiving), Newman personally accounted for more than half of the Giants' total offense in 1933. He was named to the All-Pro team, and led the Giants to the 1933 NFL championship game.
In the 1933 NFL Championship Game against the Chicago Bears, Newman threw a 29-yard touchdown pass to Red Badgro to give the Giants a 7–6 halftime lead. Newman's touchdown throw to Badgro was the first touchdown pass thrown in an NFL championship game. After the Bears went ahead 16–14 in the third quarter, Newman threw a second touchdown pass in the fourth quarter to give the Giants the lead, but the Bears scored the winning touchdown with less than one minute left to win the championship game, 23–21.
In 1934, Newman was the Giant's leading rusher and passer, and was an All-Pro for the second consecutive season. The Giants went on to win their first NFL championship in 1934, but Newman's season was cut short after he broke two bones in his back during the tenth game of the season against the Chicago Bears. Newman complained after the 1934 season that the new football adopted by the NFL in 1934 was "harder to pass" than the old one which had greater girth. He set the NFL single-game carries record of 38 which was tied in 1966 by Jim Nance and broken in 1973 by O.J. Simpson.
In early September 1935, there were reports that Newman might not return to the Giants' backfield, because he did not want to leave his Detroit liquor business. Newman announced he was quitting professional football and did not play the first few weeks of the season. Then, on October 15, 1935, Newman announced that he had changed his mind and signed a contract to play with the Giants beginning the following Saturday. After his return, Newman wrote: "Football still is fun. If it weren't it wouldn't be worth while, regardless of how much they paid you for it. Believe me, I've missed it the few weeks I was out and I was mighty glad to get back into action." Newman played in eight games (four as a starter) for a Giants team that once again advanced to the NFL Championship Game, losing to the Detroit Lions, 26–7. With the clock ticking off the final seconds of the championship game, Newman threw an interception that was run back 36 yards and resulted in a final score by the Lions.
In November 1935, Newman wrote a guest column for the New York Post on the difference between the college and professional game. Newman wrote: "Among the Giants we kid a lot about how we feel Monday morning. Sometimes it's not too good. That's when the aches and pains begin to creep up on you. Boys, how you hate to get out of bed! The only difference between pro and amateur in that respect is that you ache all over a day later in pro football."
After the 1935 season, Newman credited his disappointing performance in 1935 to skating: "Skating is the best thing I know of to develop hip-swinging, judgment of distance, suppleness, dexterity, pivot and angle terms. I was off form in 1935 and the main reason was because I did no skating last winter. I did a lot in 1932–33 and followed it up with a great season on the gridiron."
In 1936, Giants's president John V. Mara said that the club had paid Newman $10,000 in 1935. Mara said that the owners had found out that it did not work out to pay one star $800 a game while the rest of the team was paid $100 per game, and the resentment sometimes showed. The owners reacted by trying to more evenly distributed money over the squad, such that Mara believed that the highest paid player in 1936 was paid only $500 per game.
American Professional Football League
Brooklyn Tigers (1936)
In 1936, Newman jumped to the new American Football League and signed with the Brooklyn Tigers. Newman reportedly made the move "because he got a contract calling for a big increase in salary." Newman was one of the first established stars to switch to the new league, and sports writer Harry Grayson reported on Newman's move: "Harry Newman, the former Michigan quarterback who has been the highest paid pro athlete of the last three campaigns, has left the Giants flat to perform with and be the business manager of the American League entry which plans to stage its games at the Yankee Stadium."
Even before the new league got started, it was reported to be tottering on the brink and a "big flop." As one report noted: "That in spite of the fact such outstanding players as Ken Strong,Harry Newman and Gomer Jones are slated to compete for the new clubs."
On November 1, 1936, Newman made a "sensational 45-yard run" that "brought the crowd to its feet" just before the first quarter ended. Newman also kicked a field goal to give the Tigers a 3–0 lead over the New York Yankees, but the Yankees tied it with a field goal. Later in the game, Newman ran 75 yards for what appeared to be the winning touchdown, but the play was called back on a clipping penalty. In response to the penalty call, the crowd at Yankee Stadium "booed lustily."
On November 8, 1936, Newman lateraled for both of Brooklyn's touchdowns and kicked both extra points in a 15–14 loss to the Cleveland Rams.
Rochester Tigers (1936–37)
In mid-November 1936, the Tigers franchise moved to Rochester, New York, where they played the final two games of the 1936 season. In announcing the move, one report focused on Newman as one of the best players in the new league: "Headlining the Rochester cast is Harry Newman, football's greatest passer . . . Newman is the leading ground gainer in the American League, despite the fact that he is with a second division club."
The Rochester Tigers lost to the Rams again in late November by a score of 7–6 on "a snow-swept gridiron." Newman put the Tigers ahead with two 35-yard field goals in the fourth quarter, but the Rams recovered a fumble behind the Tigers' goal line to win the game.
The Brooklyn/Rochester Tigers finished the 1936 season in last place in the new league with a record of 0–6–1, and were outscored 82–58.
Newman closed the season on December 20, 1936 playing for the New York Yankees against the Boston Shamrocks. The Yankees won, 25–19, and Newman "booted a perfect kick from placement on the 30-yard line."
Newman and Mike Palm owned the Tigers franchise and moved it to Rochester for two games at the end of 1936. However, in March 1937, Newman and Palm said they expected to move the franchise out of Rochester unless a minimum of $25,000 in cash subscriptions could be raised.
On September 14, 1937, a group of 30 men announced the formation of the Rochester Professional Football Team, Inc. to continue operation of the Rochester Tigers. Newman and Mike Palm were named as the coaches. Newman drew a salary of $250 per game for Rochester in 1937, higher than the professional average of $100, but less than the $425 paid to Sammy Baugh. The Tigers opened with a 16–0 loss to the Boston Shamrocks, followed by a 17–14 win over the Cincinnati Red Legs. They followed with a 6–0 win over the Boston Shamrocks, as Newman kicked a field goal in the win. On October 24, 1937, Newman and Bill O'Neill led the Tigers to a 24–0 victory over the New York Yankees, as the Tigers moved into second place with a 3–2 record behind the Los Angeles Bulldogs. In the season's sixth game, Newman led the Tigers to a victory over the Cincinnati Bengals, throwing three passes to account for a touchdown and then kicking the extra point in the final minute and a half. Newman and former Pitt halfback Mike Sebastian were the mainstays of the 1937 Tigers.
On November 14, 1937, the Tigers played the first place Los Angeles Bulldogs. The Bulldogs took a 35–0 lead before Newman launched a comeback attempt. Newman ran 25 yards for a touchdown and threw two touchdown passes, but the Bulldogs won, 48–21.
After the 1937, season the American Professional Football League folded, and Newman retired from football.
Newman later became an executive with Ford Motor Company and owned Ford dealerships in Detroit and Denver.
Honors and accolades
Newman received numerous honors and accolades, including the following:
- Recipient of the Chicago Tribune Silver Football as the Most Valuable Player in the Big Ten Conference in 1932.
- Unanimous choice as an All-American in 1932.
- Douglas Fairbanks Trophy as Outstanding College Player of the Year (predecessor of the Heisman Trophy), Douglas Fairbanks Trophy, 1932.
- Helms Athletic Foundation Player of the Year Award, 1932 and 1933.
- Inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1975.
- Inducted into the University of Michigan Hall of Honor in 1983.
- Inducted into the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame in 1992.
- Selected in 2005 as one of the 100 greatest Michigan football players of all time by the "Motown Sports Revival," ranking 12th on the all-time team.
- List of Michigan Wolverines football All-Americans
- History of the New York Giants (1925–1978)
- University of Michigan Athletic Hall of Honor
- List of select Jewish football players
- "Harry Newman". Pro-Football-Reference.com.
- AP wire service report (December 9, 1936). "Herber Shatters Two Pro League Passing Records". The Oshkosh Northwestern.
- "1933 New York Giants". Pro-Football-Reference.com.
- AP wire service report (May 4, 2003). "Former All-American Dies". Titusville Herald.
- Goldstein, Richard (May 4, 2000). "Harry Newman, 90, Who Led Giants to Title Game as Rookie". The New York Times.
- "1934 New York Giants". Pro-Football-Reference.com.
- Dodge, Cecil (January 9, 1935). "Sport Shots". Lowell Sun.
- "Bills' Simpson Passes 1,000-Yard Rushing Mark". The Tuscaloosa News. October 30, 1973. Retrieved June 28, 2010.
- McLemore, Henry (September 3, 1935). "Today's Sports Parade". The Daily News, Huntingdon, Pa.
- UP wire service report (October 15, 1934). "Harry Newman Back In Pro Football With Giants". Syracuse Herald.
- Newman, Harry (November 1, 1935). "Newman Knows Differences of Amateurs, pros". Santa Rosa News (New York Post – WNU Service).
- "1935 New York Giants". Pro-Football-Reference.com.
- AP wire service report (December 16, 1935). "The Detroit Lions Rule As King of the Pros: Grind Giants Into Mud of Stadium in Sunday Argument". The Oshkosh Northwestern.
- Paprocki, Tom (January 9, 1936). "College and Pro Football Fans Revive Old Argument: Pro Teams Are Said Better Than College Clubs". The Spring, Texas Daily Herald.
- AP wire service report (October 16, 1936). "Pro Football Salaries Down; Linemen Get $100, Backs $150". La Crosse Tribune And Leader-Press.
- "Pitt Amerks Open At Home Tomorrow". Indiana Evening Gazette. October 17, 1936.
- Grayson, Harry (April 11, 1936). "By Harry Grayson". The Daily News, Huntington, Pa.
- "New Pro Grid Loop Tottering on Brink". Middletown Times Herald (N.Y.). September 18, 1936.
- "Americans Beat Brooklyn Tigers". The Daily News, Huntingdon, Pa. October 17, 1936.
- AP wire service report (November 2, 1936). "Strong, Newman Kick Field Goals for the Tie". San Antonio Express.
- AP wire service report (November 2, 1936). "Field Goal Kicks Cause 3–3 Score". Beckley Post-Herald (W.V.).
- "Fieldgoal Margin of Victory for Cleveland Rams". Waterloo Daily Courier. November 9, 1936.
- "Tigers Set For Shamrock Game: Crowd of 10,000 Plan to Witness Contest, Red Wing Stadium". The Daily Messenger, Canandaigua, N.Y. November 20, 1936.
- UP wire service report (November 27, 1936). "Cleveland Shades Rochester Pros, 7–6". Wisconsin State Journal.
- Braunwart, Bob. "All Those A.F.L.'S: N.F.L. Competitors, 1935–41". Professional Football Researchers Association.
- "Sport of Sports". The Daily Mail, Hagerstown, Md. December 22, 1936.
- AP wire service report (March 26, 1937). "Rochester Wants To Save Football". The Kingston Daily Freeman (N.Y.).
- "30 Join Hands to Provide Rochester With Pro Football". Syracuse Herald. September 14, 1937.
- Kenney, John F. (October 13, 1937). "The Lookout". The Lowell Sun.
- "Shamrocks in Sunday Tilt: Rochester Tigers Which Belted Los Angeles, Foe at Fenway". Lowell Sun. October 15, 1937.
- AP wire service report (October 18, 1937). "Los Angeles Tops in New Pro Loop". The Zanesville Signal.
- AP wire service report (October 25, 1937). "Bulldogs Hold American Lead". The Daily Messenger, Canandaigua, N.Y.
- AP wire service report (November 1, 1937). "L.A. Bulldog Pro Eleven Continues To Lead League". Fresno Bee.
- "Rochester Is Host To Boston Eleven On Gridiron Sunday". Syracuse Herald. September 26, 1937.
- AP wire service report (November 15, 1937). "Los Angeles Pros Humble Rochester Grid Team 48–21". Syracuse Herald.
- "Michigan Athletic Hall of Honor". The Regents of the University of Michigan. Retrieved December 11, 2007.
- International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame "International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame – Harry Newman" Check
- "100 Greatest Michigan Football Players of All-Time". Motown Sports Revival. Retrieved December 9, 2007.
- Bentley Library Photograph and Profile
- International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame
- New York Times Obituary of Newman
- College Football Hall of Fame