Hassō-no-kamae in Kendo.
Hassō-no-kamae (八相（八双）の構, "all (eight) directions"), frequently shortened simply to hassō and occasionally called hassō-gamae, is one of the five stances in kendo: jōdan, chūdan, gedan, hassō, and waki. It is an offensive stance, named for one's ability to respond to a situation in any direction. Waki and hassō are not commonly used in modern kendo, except in kata.
In hassō-no-kamae, the left foot is forward, and the sword is held pointing upright with the hilt in front of the right shoulder. The blade should slope slightly to the rear. When cutting, the sword is raised above the head, as in jōdan.
Hassō is called in-no-kamae (陰の構え shadow stance) in Ittō-ryū and Katori Shintō-ryū, hassō (八相) in Shinkage-ryū, and occasionally moku-no-kamae (木の構え stance of wood), because of the stance's resemblance to a tree.
European schools of swordsmanship
In German traditions such as Liechtenauer this is called right vom Tag. It is often translated as "day" or "from the roof".
- 上野 靖之 (1966) 剣道教典 (Educational Model Fencing) 尚武館刊. p317
- Sasamori, Junzo; Gordon Warner (1964). This is Kendo. Japan: Charles E. Tuttle. ISBN 0-8048-0574-1.
- (in Japanese) Kashima Shinden Jikishinkage-ryu. The Origin of Samurai-Swordsmanship from KASHIMA SHRINE, The God of BUSHIDO KASHIMA - A Symbol of Justice by the Sword. by Masaru Iwasa. Japan, SAMURAI-BUSHIDO SOCIETY, 2005, hardcover. ISBN 4-900785-24-5.