Hatsuyuki-class destroyer

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Isoyuki (DD-127)
Isoyuki
Class overview
Name: Hatsuyuki class
Builders:
Operators:  Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force
Preceded by: Yamagumo class
Succeeded by: Asagiri class
Built: 1979–1986
In commission: 1982–
Completed: 12
Active: 5 (2)
Retired: 7
General characteristics
Type: General-purpose destroyer (DD)
Displacement:
  • 2,950 tons standard,
  • 4,000 tons hull load
Length: 130 m (430 ft)
Beam: 13.6 m (44 ft 7 in)
Draft:
  • 4.2 m (13 ft 9 in)
  • 4.4 m (14 ft 5 in) (DD 129 to DD 132)
Propulsion:
Speed: 30 knots (35 mph; 56 km/h)
Complement: 200
Sensors and
processing systems:
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Armament:
Aircraft carried: 1 × HSS-2B or SH-60J helicopter

The Hatsuyuki-class destroyer (はつゆき型護衛艦, Hatsuyuki-gata-goei-kan) is a class of destroyer, serving with the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF). It was the first class of general-purpose destroyers of the first generation of the JMSDF.[1]

Background[edit]

Destroyers of the JMSDF had been divided into two series, anti-aircraft gun fire oriented destroyers (DDA) and ASW-oriented destroyers (DDK). However, in the 1970s, a drastic review of the fleet became necessary due to the enhancement of the Soviet submarine fleet and the reinforcement of the anti-ship missiles. After consideration by Operations research, eight ships / eight helicopters concept was adopted as a new fleet organization. In this concept, each flotillas would be composed of one helicopter destroyer (DDH), five general-purpose destroyers (DD), and two guided missile destroyers (DDG).[2]

General-purpose destroyers (汎用護衛艦, Hanyou-goei-kan) is a new type of destroyers for this concept, combines anti-aircraft capability like DDA and anti-submarine capability like DDK, and also capable of the operation of missiles and helicopters. And this was first class to be built as the first ships based on this concept.[1]

Design[edit]

The hull structure was based on the shelter deck style adopted in the Isuzu class, and a long forecast style was adopted which truncated the rear end. The shape under the water line resembles JDS Amatsukaze. In order to reduce the noise, Prairie-Masker was installed after the 3rd ship and was also equipped with the 1st and 2nd ship at a later date.[1]

From DD-129 onward, steel replaced aluminium for key elements of the superstructure including the bridge from the viewpoint of resistance and durability. However, due to this design change, the ballast had to be installed, the displacement increased and the movement performance was deteriorated.[1]

It was the first class to use combined gas or gas (COGOG) propulsion system in the JMSDF. The all-gas-turbine propulsion system is composed of two Kawasaki-Rolls-Royce Tyne RM1C gas turbines for cruising and two Kawasaki-Rolls-Royce Olympus TM3B gas turbines for high speed operation.[1]

This combination and mounting method of these engines are similar to the Type 21 frigates of the British Royal Navy, so it was not possible to adopt an alternating engine room arrangement like a conventional JMSDF destroyer, the lack of redundancy was pointed out.[1]

Equipment[edit]

The core of the combat system is the OYQ-5 Tactical Data Processing System (TDPS), composed of one AN/UYK-20 computer and five OJ-194B workstations and capable of receiving data automatically from other ships via Link-14 (STANAG 5514).[1]

This is the first destroyer class in the JMSDF equipped with the Sea Sparrow Improved basic point defense missile system. The IBPDMS of this class uses FCS-2 fire-control systems of Japanese make and one octuple launcher at the afterdeck. And in the JMSDF, OTO Melara 76 mm compact gun and Boeing Harpoon surface-to-surface missile are adopted from the ship of FY1977 including this class.[1] Also, ships built in FY1979 and beyond carried Phalanx CIWS and were retrofitted to previous ships.[3]

This class introduced the capability of shipboard helicopter operations. While the JMSDF already had the Haruna-class "helicopter destroyer", the Hatsuyuki class were the first air-capable general purpose destroyer class. Although it has a small aviation deck, through a beartrap system, the class can operate the Mitsubishi HSS-2B anti-submarine helicopter safely in a wider range of weather conditions. Later, HSS-2B was replaced by Mitsubishi SH-60J, but there was no room to install a large data link device for SH-60J, so a simplified type was installed.[1]

Initially planned to carry out passive operation with sonobuoys laid by helicopters and towed array sonar (TASS) as sensors, but because development of TASS was delayed, it was retrofitted later on only four ships.[1] OQS-4 hull sonar was Japanese equivalent of American AN/SQS-56, and OQR-1 TASS was of AN/SQR-19.[3]

Ships in the class[edit]

Pennant
no.
Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Decommissioned Shipyard Home
port
Note
DD-122 Hatsuyuki 14 March 1979 7 November 1980 23 March 1982 25 June 2010 Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Uraga Yokosuka
DD-123
TV-3517
Shirayuki 3 December 1979 4 August 1981 8 February 1982 27 April 2016 Hitachi, Mauzuru Yokosuka Converted to training vessel (TV-3517) on 16 March 2011
DD-124 Mineyuki 7 May 1981 19 October 1982 26 January 1984 7 March 2013 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Maizuru
DD-125 Sawayuki 22 April 1981 21 June 1982 15 February 1984 1 April 2013 IHI Corporation Yokosuka
DD-126 Hamayuki 4 February 1981 27 May 1982 18 November 1983 14 March 2012 Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding, Tamano Maizuru
DD-127 Isoyuki 20 April 1982 19 September 1983 23 January 1985 13 March 2014 IHI Corporation Sasebo
DD-128 Haruyuki 11 March 1982 6 September 1983 14 March 1985 13 March 2014 Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Uraga Sasebo
DD-129
TV-3519
Yamayuki 25 February 1983 10 July 1984 3 December 1985 Hitachi, Mauzuru Kure Converted to training vessel (TV-3519) on 27 April 2016
DD-130 Matsuyuki 7 April 1983 25 October 1984 19 March 1986 IHI Corporation Kure
DD-131
TV-3518
Setoyuki 26 January 1984 3 July 1985 11 December 1986 Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding, Tamano Kure Converted to training vessel (TV-3518) on 14 March 2012
DD-132 Asayuki 22 December 1983 16 October 1985 20 February 1987 Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Uraga Sasebo
DD-133
TV-3513
Shimayuki 8 May 1984 29 January 1986 17 February 1987 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Kure Converted to training vessel (TV-3513) on 18 March 1999

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Kōda 2015, pp. 188-207.
  2. ^ Kōda 2015, pp. 167-169.
  3. ^ a b Kōda 2015, pp. 170-179.

Books[edit]

  • Wertheim, Eric (2013). The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World, 16th Edition. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1591149545.
  • Kōda, Yōji (December 2015). "History of Domestic Built Destroyers of JMSDF". Ships of the World (in Japanese). Kaijin-sha (827). NAID 40020655404.

External links[edit]

Media related to Hatsuyuki class destroyers at Wikimedia Commons