Hed Arzi Music
|Country of origin||Israel|
Hed Arzi Music (Hebrew: הד ארצי, meaning: The Echo of My Country / My Country's Echo; also spelled Hed Artzi or Hed Artsi), is an Israeli record label founded by Zvi Levin in 1946. Hed Arzi is involved with producing music, importing albums from abroad, and distributing Israeli and international music. Hed Arzi is one of the largest and most veteran companies in Israel, and many major artists work with it.
The company was founded in Tel Aviv in 1946 as a partnership of Zvi Levin (also known as Hirsch Lewin) with Josef Grossman, Alexander Borowitz and Ephraim Ruttenberg. Mr. Levin was a refugee from Berlin where he has owned and operated a bookshop and recording label Semer (from the Hebrew "Zemer", meaning song). The Semer label operated from approximately 1932 until the recording masters and inventory were smashed and burned during Kristallnacht. Hed-Arzi started operating in September 1947, managed by Ephraim Felix Rzeczynski, making it the oldest recording company in Israel (followed by Makolit in Jaffa, Tslil in Tel-Aviv and others).
Originally the company produced 78 rpm gramophone records (including re-issues of Semer recodings), the most popular among which were Agala Vesoussa and Bab El-Wad by Yaffa Yarkoni as well as Kalaniot and Ani Mitzfat by Shoshana Damari. In 1951, company started building a plant in Ramat-Gan. In 1955, the first LP was manufactured (6 songs of Shoshana Damari). In 1958, it recorded its first stereo record and was considered "the biggest and most modern record manufacturer in the Near East with steady increasing export activities to nearly 30 countries" or the "leading distributor and manufacturer in Israel". Until 1960, the company has produced over 1250 titles of conventional records, about 700 records 7" in diameter and over 320 LP records; its income was $25,000 a year. In late 1961, the company issued a documentary LP Echoes of the Eichmann trial.
Since 2008, ownership is held by NMC United (owner of NMC Music).
- The Dudaim
- Misha Appelbaum
- Shoshana Damari
- Shulamit Levany
- Yaffa Yarkoni
- David D'Or
- Gidi Gov
- Sarit Hadad
- Ofra Haza
- Harel Skaat
- Dana International
- Boaz Mauda
- Yehoram Gaon
- Tamar Giladi
- The Churchills
- Piposh, a video game franchise published by the video game subsidiary Hed Arzi Multimedia.
- P. Gradenwitz, Music publishing in Israel, Music Library Association Notes, v. X, 1953, p. 391-393.
- Israel digest: a bi-weekly summary of news from Israel, 1955, v. 6-8, p. 48. 
- Who's who Israel, 1958, p. 452
- The Billboard, Sept. 7, 1959, p. 8
- The Israel yearbook, 1960, p. 293
- The Billboard, Nov. 13, 1961, p. 42