Helvig of Schleswig

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Helvig of Schleswig
Haelwig of Denmark c 1375 crop.jpg
Queen Helvig shown on a contemporary fresco in St. Peter's Church, Næstved (Sankt Peders Kirke).
Queen consort of Denmark
Tenure 1340–1374
Died c. 1374
Esrum Abbey
Burial Esrum Abbey
Spouse Valdemar IV of Denmark
Issue
among others...
Christopher, Duke of Lolland
Ingeborg, Duchess of Mecklenburg
Margaret I
House House of Estridsen
Abelslægten line
Father Eric II, Duke of Schleswig
Mother Adelaide of Holstein-Rendsburg
Religion Roman Catholicism

Helvig of Schleswig (da: Helvig af Slesvig, also erroneously Hedwig of Schleswig; 1320–1374), was a Danish Queen consort, spouse of King Valdemar IV of Denmark. She was the mother of Queen Margaret I of Denmark, Norway and Sweden.

Life[edit]

Helvig was the daughter of Eric II, Duke of Schleswig and Adelaide of Holstein-Rendsburg, and the sister of Valdemar V, Duke of Schleswig. Her date of birth is not known, but she and her brother were children at the time of her father's death in 1325, and she is estimated to have been born in around the year 1320.

Her brother had contended the Danish throne with Christopher II of Denmark, and was the king of Denmark in 1326-30 under the guardianship of their maternal uncle Gerhard of Holstein. In the late 1330s, her brother made an alliance with Christopher's son Valdemar IV against his uncle Gerhard of Holstein, and arranged a marriage between Helvig and Valdemar in connection to this. She was to bring the pawned province of Nørrejylland, one quarter of the territory of Jutland north of the Kongeå river, as a dowry. The wedding took place at Sønderborg Castle in 1340. After the wedding, the couple traveled to Viborg to be officially greeted as king and queen of Denmark.

There is little information about queen Helvig. She is not mentioned to have been politically active or as having played any personal role in any aspect: she would, for example had been expected to serve as regent during Valdemar's pilgrimage in 1346, but there is no mention that she did. Until the birth of the future Margaret I of Denmark in 1353, she is noted as living with Valdemar, but after that year, she is no longer documented to be living by his side as his queen.

A traditional theory was that king Valdemar had queen Helvig repudiated and imprisoned with her household at Søborg Castle for adultery. This theory was based on an old folk song, which described the love affair between the queen and a knight. This story is not confirmed. Another theory claims, that it was queen Helvig who separated from king Valdemar because of his adultery with his mistress Tove, and that she moved to Esrum Abbey in 1355. None of these theories is confirmed, and the truth of their separation is unknown.

Queen Helvig is confirmed to have lived separated from king Valdemar at Esrum Abbey, were she eventually died. The queen died at Esrum Abbey as a lay sister, noted by the monks as famula nostra ('our servant'). The queen was buried in the abbey church, which brought royal gifts of property for the abbey. One year after her death, her spouse died and her daughter became regent of Denmark. In 1377, queen Margaret successfully asked the pope for permission to rebury her mother at Sorø, though this plan was never realized.

Children[edit]

Helvig and Valdemar IV had at least six children;

  1. Christopher, Duke of Lolland (1344–1363)
  2. Margaret (1345–1350); betrothed to Henry III, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  3. Ingeborg (1347–1370); married Henry III, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and was the maternal grandmother of King Eric VII of Denmark
  4. Catherine (1349); died young
  5. Valdemar (1350); died young
  6. Margaret I of Denmark (1353–1412)

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  • Alf Henrikson: Dansk historia (Danish history) (1989) (Swedish)
  • Sven Rosborn (In Swedish): När hände vad i Nordens historia (When did what happen in the historiy of the Nordic countries) (1997)
  • http://www.xn--nstvedhistorie-0ib.dk/dronning_helvig.pdf
  • Dansk Biografisk Leksikon, 1933-34
Helvig of Schleswig
Abelslægten
Cadet branch of the House of Estridsen
Danish royalty
Preceded by
Euphemia of Pomerania
Queen consort of Denmark
1340–1374
Succeeded by
Philippa of England