Heiligenschein (German for "halo" or "aureola", pronounced [ˈhaɪlɪɡənˌʃaɪn]) is an optical phenomenon in which a bright spot appears around the shadow of the viewer's head. In photogrammetry and remote sensing, it is more commonly known as the hotspot.
This diffuse reflection is due to the opposition surge, the reduction in the proportion of shadows viewed at angles close to the backscatter direction. It may also be created when the surface on which the shadow falls has special optical properties. Both dry regolith and dewy grass are known to exhibit these characteristics. Nearly spherical dew droplets act as lenses to focus the light on the surface behind them. Some of this light backscatters in the direction of the sunlight as it is retroreflected through the dew droplet. This light scattering makes the antisolar point appear the brightest.
The glory is a similar halo effect caused by a different mechanism.
- Aureole effect
- Brocken spectre, the magnified shadow of an observer cast upon the upper surfaces of clouds opposite the Sun
- Gegenschein, a faint spot of dust lit by sunlight focused by Earth's atmosphere, visible in the night sky toward the antisolar point
- Glory (optical phenomenon)
- Opposition surge (also opposition effect or Seeliger effect), the apparent brightening of a coarse surface or aggregate of many particles when illuminated from directly behind the observer
- Subparhelic circle
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