Heinrich Landesmann

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Heinrich Landesmann

Heinrich Landesmann (9 August 1821, Nikolsburg – 4 December 1902, Brno), more commonly known by his pseudonym, Hieronymus Lorm, was an Austrian poet and philosophical writer.

From his earliest childhood he was very sickly; at the age of fifteen his sight and hearing were almost completely destroyed; and later in life he became totally blind. He developed the Lorm alphabet, a form of tactile signing named after him.

When he was sixteen years old he contributed a number of poems to various periodicals. In 1843 he completed his first important literary production, Abdul, the Mohammedan Faust legend, in five cantos (2nd ed. Berlin, 1852).

His Wien's Poetische Schwingen und Federn (Vienna, 1847) manifested critical acumen, but also a tinge of political acerbity in its attack on the censor system of the Austrian chancellor Prince Metternich. His friends advised Landesmann to leave Vienna, and he went to Berlin, where he assumed the pseudonym Hieronymus Lorm in order to secure his family from possible trouble with the Viennese police. In Berlin he became a regular contributor to Kühne's Europa. After the revolution of 1848 he returned to Vienna, settling in Baden bei Wien in 1853.[1]

In 1856 he married; in 1873 he moved to Dresden; and in 1892 he settled in Brünn (Brno). A sister of Landesmann's was the second wife of Berthold Auerbach. Landesmann was distinctively a lyric poet. The peculiar vein of pessimism that runs through both his poetry and his prose writings has won for him the title of the "lyrical Schopenhauer".


His more important works are:


  1. ^ "Landesmann, Heinrich; Ps. Hieronymus Lorm (1821-1902), Schriftsteller und Journalist." Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815-1950, vol. 4, issue 20 (1969), p. 428-429.


  • Karpeles, Gustav. "Hieronymus Lorm: Ein Nachruf." Allgemeine Zeitung des Judentums, December 12, 1902, p. 593-595
  • "Landesmann, Heinrich." Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon, 6th revised and expanded edition. Volume 12. Leipzig and Vienna: Bibliographisches Institut, 1905. p. 102
  • "Lorm, Hieronymus." Biographisches Schriftsteller-Lexikon der Gegenwart. Edited by Franz Bornmüller. Leipzig: Verlag des Bibliographischen Instituts, 1882. p. 443
  • Wolf, A. L. "Hieronymus Lorm." Allgemeine Zeitung des Judentums, August 1, 1891, p. 375-377
  • Oesterreichische Wochenschrift, December 12, 1902
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSinger, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. {{cite encyclopedia}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  • Link to Jewish Encyclopedia