Hel lighthouse

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Hel lighthouse
Hela
Latarnia morska Hel widziana od strony miasta.jpg
Hel lighthouse
Hel lighthouse is located in Poland
Hel lighthouse
Poland
LocationHel
Pomeranian Voivodeship
Poland
Coordinates54°36′00.1″N 18°48′46.6″E / 54.600028°N 18.812944°E / 54.600028; 18.812944Coordinates: 54°36′00.1″N 18°48′46.6″E / 54.600028°N 18.812944°E / 54.600028; 18.812944
Year first constructed1670 (first)
1790 (second)
1827 (third)
Year first lit1942 (current)
Tower shapetapered octagonal tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / patternred tower and lantern
Tower height40 metres (130 ft)
Focal height41 metres (135 ft)
Range17 miles (27 km)
CharacteristicLight Signal Iso W 5s.gif
Iso W 5s.
Admiralty numberC2968
NGA number6672
ARLHS numberPOL-008[1]
Heritageobject on the Polish cultural heritage register Edit this on Wikidata

Hel lighthouse is an active lighthouse in the town of Hel, Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland. It is situated at the eastern tip of the Hel peninsula and guides ship traffic into Gdańsk Bay and the Bay of Puck.

History[edit]

The lighthouse on Hel has its origins in the 16th century when a fire was lit on the church tower at a height of 116 feet to guide ships. The structure burned down. In 1638 locals asked Gdańsk authorities to build a lighthouse on the peninsula. After deliberation, a wooden structure was erected circa 1640, with a range of about 6 miles. In 1667 it burned down, too.

Two further attempts at construction failed as well. However, seafaring in this area of the Baltic remained hazardous, so around 1790 another effort was made. A site was allocated, including a lighthouse-keeper's residence. The light was to be lit every day.

Though effectiveness improved, the lighthouse soon faced the problem of being obscured by growing trees. The construction of the first brick lighthouse started in 1806. Due to civil wars the effort dragged on until 1826.[2]

The brick lighthouse wasn't high enough and ships continued to sink between Jastarnia and Hel. A cannon was placed at the lighthouse, fired every four minutes, as a sound signal. This continued until the gunner died in 1910. A stone commemorates the event to this day.

More improvements followed. The light source switched to a paraffin lamp and the structure was renovated. Electric light was installed in 1938 in the form of a 3000 watt bulb. During World War II Germans decided to take down the structure, since it presented a perfect target for air raids.[dubious ]

In 1942[dubious ] Germans ordered locals to erect a new lighthouse. It stood 10 meters to the southeast from the old one (now detonated). The new structure was modern, powered by electricity, and it's been in operation to this day.[3]

The 40.8 meter tower is painted red and octagonal in shape. The light source is a 1000 watt bulb, set 38.5 meters above sea level, with a range of 17 miles. The lighthouse is also a part of an air traffic control system.

The lighthouse is a tourist attraction and open to the public during summer. Apart from the lighthouse itself, a few keeper houses remain, dating back to 19th century. Facing west, inland, one can see the Swedish Hill with an old lighthouse built during World War II to replace the one destroyed in Hel at the same time.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Hel, Poland (near of Hel lighthouse), elevation: 1 m, 1961–1990 normals and extremes
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.0
(50.0)
12.9
(55.2)
20.5
(68.9)
21.8
(71.2)
28.0
(82.4)
31.2
(88.2)
33.2
(91.8)
31.8
(89.2)
27.3
(81.1)
23.2
(73.8)
15.9
(60.6)
11.1
(52.0)
33.2
(91.8)
Average high °C (°F) 0.9
(33.6)
1.3
(34.3)
4.6
(40.3)
9.4
(48.9)
15.0
(59.0)
19.1
(66.4)
21.1
(70.0)
21.0
(69.8)
17.3
(63.1)
12.2
(54.0)
6.6
(43.9)
3.0
(37.4)
11.0
(51.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
−0.6
(30.9)
1.7
(35.1)
5.2
(41.4)
10.3
(50.5)
14.7
(58.5)
16.9
(62.4)
16.9
(62.4)
13.7
(56.7)
9.6
(49.3)
4.9
(40.8)
1.4
(34.5)
7.8
(46.0)
Average low °C (°F) −2.6
(27.3)
−2.7
(27.1)
−0.8
(30.6)
1.9
(35.4)
6.2
(43.2)
10.7
(51.3)
13.3
(55.9)
13.4
(56.1)
10.8
(51.4)
7.2
(45.0)
3.1
(37.6)
−0.4
(31.3)
5.0
(41.0)
Record low °C (°F) −19.1
(−2.4)
−16.9
(1.6)
−17.0
(1.4)
−7.0
(19.4)
−3.3
(26.1)
0.2
(32.4)
5.4
(41.7)
5.3
(41.5)
−2.3
(27.9)
−2.2
(28.0)
−8.4
(16.9)
−15.2
(4.6)
−19.1
(−2.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 37
(1.5)
28
(1.1)
27
(1.1)
30
(1.2)
43
(1.7)
56
(2.2)
70
(2.8)
72
(2.8)
61
(2.4)
48
(1.9)
56
(2.2)
46
(1.8)
574
(22.6)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 9.3 7.9 7.7 6.8 7.7 7.7 10.0 9.0 9.8 9.3 11.4 11.0 107.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 32 52 107 165 236 249 234 220 143 93 40 26 1,597
Source: NOAA[4]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hel Lighthouse The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved March 13, 2016
  2. ^ "Lighthouse in Hel". www.poland.travel. Retrieved 2016-03-31.
  3. ^ Valle, Władysław Szarski -. "Hel, LATARNIA MORSKA, Helska Tawerna". hela.com.pl. Archived from the original on 2016-04-07. Retrieved 2016-03-31.
  4. ^ "Hel Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 29 May 2015.

External links[edit]