Hell on Wheels
The phrase "Hell on Wheels" was originally used to describe the itinerant collection of flimsily assembled gambling houses, dance halls, saloons, and brothels that followed the army of Union Pacific railroad workers westward as they constructed the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1860s North America. The huge numbers of wage-earning young men working in what was a remote wilderness, far from the constraints of home, proved to be a lucrative opportunity for those with expertise at separating such men from their money. As the end of the line continually moved westward, Hell on Wheels followed along, reconstructing itself on the outskirts of each town that became, in turn, the center of activity for the Union Pacific's construction work.
In popular culture
AMC's television drama series, Hell On Wheels (which premiered in November 2011), centers on the settlement that accompanied the construction of First Transcontinental Railroad, consisting of the Union Pacific company men, surveyors, support workers, laborers, prostitutes, mercenaries, and others who make the mobile encampment their home, beginning in 1865 in Season 1 and 1867 in Season 3.
- Stephen E Ambrose (2000). Nothing Like It In the World : The men who built the transcontinental railroad, 1863-1869. Simon & Schuster, Inc. ISBN 0-7432-0317-8.
- Samuel Bowles (1869). Our New West. Hartford, Ct.: Hartford Pub. Co. ; New York: J.D. Dennison. p. 56. OCLC 1627933. at US Library of Congress
- hell on wheels. In: Christine Ammer: The American Heritage Dictionary of Idioms. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2013 (2nd edition), ISBN Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, p. 209
- David J. Wishart: Encyclopedia of the Great Plains. University of Nebraska Press, 2004, ISBN 9780803247871, pp. 170-171
- Frederic L. Paxson: The Last American Frontier. Simon Publications, 2001 (reprint), ISBN 9781931313544, p. 332 (online excerpt (Google))
- Seidman, Robert (July 28, 2011). "AMC Announces Premiere Date for 'Hell on Wheels'". TVbytheNumbers. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- Brian Solomon: Union Pacific Railroad. Voyager Press, ISBN 9781610605595, p. 24