Henry Knox Trail

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Image of a marker on the Henry Knox Trail
Marker in Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts, the first marker added to the Henry Knox Trail since its establishment in 1926–27. The marker pictured was dedicated March 17, 2009, the 233rd anniversary of the end of the Siege of Boston, known as Evacuation Day in Massachusetts.

The Henry Knox Trail, also known as the Knox Cannon Trail, is a network of roads and paths that traces the route of Colonel Henry Knox's "noble train of artillery" from Crown Point to the Continental Army camp outside Boston, Massachusetts early in the American Revolutionary War.


Knox was commissioned by Continental Army commander George Washington in 1775 to transport 59 cannons from captured forts on Lake Champlain, 30 from Fort Ticonderoga and 29 from Crown Point, to the army camp outside Boston to aid the war effort there against British forces.[1] They included forty-three heavy brass and iron cannons, six cohorns, eight mortars, and two howitzers.[2] Knox, using sledges pulled by teams of oxen to haul these cannons, many weighing over a ton, crossed an icy Lake George in mid-winter.[2] He proceeded to travel through rural New York and the snow-covered Berkshire Mountains of Massachusetts, finally arriving to the aid of the beleaguered Continental Army in January 1776.[2]

Marker placement[edit]

In 1926, the 150th anniversary of Knox's march, the states of New York and Massachusetts both began installing commemorative plaques at 56 locations in the two states that trace the route the expedition passed through.[3] The exact nature of the collaboration between the two states is unclear, however the work was completed in 1927.[3] The New York markers' bronze reliefs were designed by Henry James Albright, and the Massachusetts reliefs by Henry L. Norton.

In 1975, the marker locations between Kinderhook, New York, and Alford, Massachusetts, were updated after new research, confirming theories originally advanced by North Egremont, Massachusetts, postmaster Joseph Elliott, found Knox did not pass through Claverack, New York.[4] A new marker was added to the trail at Roxbury Heritage State Park in Boston in 2009, adjacent to a house owned by General John Thomas, who guided the weapons received from Knox to their final placement on Dorchester Heights overlooking Boston.[5]

Table of Knox Trail Markers[edit]

Marker # Year installed Title Address Picture
Crown Point 21 Grandview Dr, Crown Point, NY 12928
Fort Ticonderoga 102 Fort Ti Rd, Ticonderoga, NY 12883
Fort Ticonderoga 102 Fort Ti Rd, Ticonderoga, NY 12883
Fort Ticonderoga Portage Road 137 Montcalm St, Ticonderoga, NY 12883
Lake George 651 Black Point Rd, Ticonderoga, NY 12883
Sabbath Day Point 44 Sabbath Day Point Rd, Silver Bay, NY 12874
Bolton Landing 19 Rogers Memorial Park Rd, Bolton Landing, NY 12814
Lake George Battlefield 75 Fort George Rd, Lake George, NY 12845 (43°25'04.4"N, 73°42'25.9"W)
Bloody Brook 1716 State Route 9, Lake George, NY 12845
Glens Falls 626 Glen St, Queensbury, NY 12804
Hudson Falls 220 Main St, Hudson Falls, NY 12839
Fort Edward 219 Broadway, Fort Edward, NY 12828
Fort Miller 1061 State Route 4, Greenwich, NY 12834
Northumberland 107 Starks Knob Rd, Schuylerville, NY 12871
Schuylerville 2 Broad St, Schuylerville, NY 12871
Knox Trail Marker
Ensign House 513 Saratoga County Veterans Memorial Highway, Stillwater, NY 12170
Bemis Heights 1173 Old Route 32, Stillwater, NY 12170
Knox Trail Marker
Stillwater 75 Hudson Ave, Stillwater, NY 12170
Knox Trail Marker
Mechanicville 6 S Main St, Mechanicville, NY 12118
Knox Trail Marker - Mechanicville, NY
Waterford 55 1st St, Waterford, NY 12188
Knox Trail Marker
Klaus' Ferry 1258 New Loudon Rd, Cohoes, NY 12047
Knox Trail Marker
Latham 206 Old Loudon Rd, Latham, NY 12110
Knox Trail Marker
Albany 350 Northern Blvd, Albany, NY 12204
Albany Riverside Park 191 Broadway, Albany, NY 12202
Rensselaer 30 Aiken Ave, Rensselaer, NY 12144
Knox Trail Marker
East Greenbush 688 Columbia Tpke, East Greenbush, NY 12061
Knox Trail Marker
Schodack 1972 Route 9, Castleton on Hudson, NY 12033
Knox Trail Marker
Kinderhook 1 Hudson St, Kinderhook, NY 12106
Knox Trail-Kinderhook-1.jpg
West Ghent 6 Snyder Rd, Ghent, NY 12075
West Ghent NY - Knox Trail Marker.jpg
Claverack 1202 Harlemville Rd, Ghent, NY 12075
Old Nobletown 40 Nobletown Rd, Hillsdale, NY 12529
Marker in Old Nobletown (Hillsdale, NY)
Alford, MA MA-71

179 Green River Valley Rd. [6]

Marker on Route 71 in Alford, MA. The New York plaque on one side, the Massachusetts plaque and engraving design on the other. This is the only double-sided marker on the trail.
North Egremont, MA 223 Egremont Plain Rd.
Marker in North Egremont, MA, commemorating Henry Knox's "Train of Artillery" from Ticonderoga to Boston, 1775-1776
Great Barrington, MA Intersection of Route 23 and Route 7
Marker in Great Barrington, MA
Monterey, MA Route 23
Marker on Route 23 east of the village center in Monterey, MA
Otis, MA Route 23
Knox Trail Marker located on Rt. 23 between Ray Hubbard Rd. and West Shore Rd. in East Otis, MA
Blandford, MA Route 23 & North Blandford Rd., Blandford, MA 01008
Marker is part of a monument park on Route 23 and North Blanford Rd. in Blanford, MA
Russell, MA Intersection of General Knox Road and South Quarter Road
Marker on General Knox Rd. (off of Route 23) and South Quarter Road in Russell, MA
Westfield, MA Main Street at N 42° 07.252; W 072° 44.892
Marker on Main St. (Route 20) near Park Square (northeast) in Downtown Westfield, MA
West Springfield, MA Route 20
Marker in West Springfield Town Common on Main St. and Park St. (Route 20) near the Connecticut River in West Springfield, MA. The site is where General Reidesel and his Hessian Soldiers encamped on October 30 and 31, 1777 on their way to Boston after British General John Burgoyne's surrender at Saratoga.
Springfield, MA Boston Post Rd. (State Street)
Marker on State St. (Boston Post Rd.) on the south side of the Springfield Armory National Historic Site in Springfield, MA
Wilbraham, MA Route 20 & Main Street
Marker on Route 20 & Main Street (Boston Post Rd.) and Maple St. across from Collins Memorial Park.
Palmer, MA 1 Wilbraham Street
General Henry Knox Trail (Palmer, Massachusetts) - DSC04689.JPG
Warren, MA Route 67 (Main St.) at the intersection with Washington St.
Knox Trail Marker - Warren, MA
Brookfield, MA State Route 9 at the intersection with State Route 148
Knox Trail Marker
Spencer, MA next to 117 Main St.
Marker located next to 117 Main St. in Spencer, MA. This location is close to a marker indicating that "Washington Slept Here"
Leicester, MA 1136 Main St.
Marker located at 1136 Main St. in front of the Leicester Public Library and Museum
Worcester, MA Main Street at Lincoln Square
Shrewsbury, MA Main St. at Shrewsbury Common
Knox Trail Marker
Northborough, MA
Marlborough, MA
Framingham, MA
Wayland, MA Old Connecticut Path and Cochituate Rd.
Marker located at the intersection of Old Connecticut Path and Cochituate Rd.
Weston, MA Boston Post Rd. and Town House Rd.
Marker located at the intersection of Boston Post Rd. and Town House Rd.
Waltham, MA Route 20 (Weston St.) & Main Street
Marker on Route 20 at the intersection of Main Street and Weston St. (Rt. 20). In the background is the tablet marking the George Washington Memorial Highway

42° 22.593′ N, 71° 7.313′ W, Corner of Garden St and Mason St in the Cambridge Commons, Cambridge, MA[7]

Henry Knox artillery handover to George Washington marker.jpg
Roxbury, MA
Knox Trail Roxbury MA.jpg

Photo gallery[edit]


  1. ^ "New York State Education Department: The Knox Trail - Introduction". Archived from the original on 2010-01-07.
  2. ^ a b c "New York State Education Department: The Knox Trail - History". Archived from the original on 2008-05-12.
  3. ^ a b "The Knox Trail – Monument Design". Archived from the original on 2009-12-11.
  4. ^ "New York State Education Department: Knox Trail map". Archived from the original on 2012-08-05.
  5. ^ "The Knox Museum joins Evacuation Day celebration" (PDF). General Henry Knox Museum. Spring 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 15 December 2009.
  6. ^ "Knox Trail Marker - Alford, MA - U.S. Revolutionary War Memorials on". Waymarking.com. 2013-08-22. Retrieved 2022-05-04.
  7. ^ "Gen. Henry Knox Trail Historical Marker".
  8. ^ "Knox Trail Monument No. 5 (Massachusetts)". Archived from the original on 2012-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-09.
  9. ^ "Knox Trail Monument No. 11 (Massachusetts)". Archived from the original on 2012-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-09.
  10. ^ "Knox Trail Monument No. 12 (Massachusetts)". Archived from the original on 2012-08-29. Retrieved 2013-05-09.
  11. ^ "Knox Trail Monument No. 18 (Massachusetts)". Archived from the original on 2012-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-09.
  12. ^ "Knox Trail Monument No. 19 (Massachusetts)". Archived from the original on 2012-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-09.
  13. ^ Knox Trail Monument No. 21 (Massachusetts) Archived 2010-01-05 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "Knox Trail Monument No. 22 (Massachusetts)". Archived from the original on 2012-09-18. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  15. ^ "Knox Trail Monument No. 23 (Massachusetts)". Archived from the original on 2012-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  16. ^ "Knox Trail Monument No. 24 (Massachusetts)". Archived from the original on 2012-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
  17. ^ Knox Trail Monument No. 25 (Massachusetts) Archived 2012-07-04 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ "Knox Trail Monument No. 27 (Massachusetts)". Archived from the original on 2012-01-11. Retrieved 2013-05-30.

External links[edit]