Henry Latham Doherty
Henry Latham Doherty
|Died||December 26, 1939 (aged 69)|
|Founded Cities Service Company (now Citgo)|
Henry Latham Doherty (May 15, 1870 – December 26, 1939) was an Irish-American financier and oilman, a native of Columbus, Ohio. In 1910, he created the Cities Service Company, a utility holding company that later became the Citgo Petroleum Corporation.
Doherty was first hired by the Columbus Gas Company at the age of 12. Rose reportedly wrote years later, "I could not get along in school...and under expulsion a large part of the time I was supposed to be in school." He made such a favorable impression with his knowledge and devotion to work that CGC management assigned him to take charge of a subsidiary company, a declining utility in Wisconsin. By the age of 20, he held the title of Chief Engineer at CGC.
In June 1899, the Emerson McMillan & Company, a financial company that invested in utility companies, had sent one of its senior executives, George T. Thompson, to the Denver Gas & Electric Company as president. Thompson died on October 1, 1900, McMillan asked Doherty to replace Thompson. On October 18, Doherty became acting president and treasurer of the Denver Gas & Electric Company.
In 1905, he started Henry L. Doherty & Co., which provided technical and financial consulting services to utility companies. In 1910, he founded his own holding company, Cities Service, which held the stock of energy companies[a] he had bought previously. Cities Service bought the holdings of Theodore N. Barnsdall, founder of Barnsdall Oil Company, in 1912.
In 1916, he established the Doherty Energy Research Laboratory Co. (DORELCO) in Bartlesville, Oklahoma to advance his theories about field unitization as a means of oil conservation and as a location to train petroleum geologists and engineers. He received numerous awards and recognition for his contributions to the development of scientific methodology in the petroleum industry. In 1924 he instigated the creation of the Federal Oil Conservation Board by President Coolidge.
Doherty eventually had controlling interests in 150 firms, which collectively served 9,000 locales in the U.S. and Canada, and a cumulative 600,000 stockholders. The Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 (PUHCA) required that a company like Cities Service divest itself of either its electric utility holdings or its other energy companies. Cities Service chose to sell off its utilities and remain in the oil and gas business. The first steps to liquidate investments in its public utilities were taken in 1943 and affected over 250 different utility corporations.
Before founding Cities Service, Henry Doherty moved to New York City, where he lived atop an office building at State and Liberty Streets, now the site of 1 Battery Park Plaza. The suite had a gym, squash court and motorized bed that slid out onto the terrace. Clearly, he was already beset with recurring rounds of arthritis. He nearly died in 1927 from complications of the disease, but recovered with the help of a friend, Grace Eames. Grace was a widow, and married Henry in December 1928. A New York Times article said that he had bought several properties in Manhattan for redevelopment, but most of the projects were delayed because of these bouts.
One of the projects completed for Doherty was a 60-story skyscraper initially named for its street address, 70 Pine Street.[b] It was topped by a tower containing six smaller floors that would contain Doherty's private residence.
The Lamont–Doherty Earth Observatory received a substantial donation of his estate.
- petroleum, natural gas, and electric utilities
- Later it was known informally as the Cities Service Building. American International Group bought the building in 1979 to serve as its headquarters.
- Rose, Mark H. (1995). Cities of Light and Heat: Domesticating Gas and Electricity in Urban America. Pennsylvania State University Press. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-271-03980-0. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
- "Henry L. Doherty". Encyclopedia Britannica. December 26, 1939. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
- Weaver, Bobby D. "Doherty, Henry Latham". The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
- "History of Federal Cooperation with the Petroleum Industry". www.geonius.com. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
- "History of Lamont". www.ldeo.columbia.edu. Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
- Postal, Matthew A. (June 21, 2011). "Cities Service Building" (PDF). New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. p. 2. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
- "Cities Service Sets Records During Year". Hartford Courant. December 29, 1929. p. 66 – via newspapers.com .
- Gray, Christopher (March 8, 1998). "Streetscapes/70 Pine Street; An Art Deco Tower With Double-Deck Elevators". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 26, 2020.