Henry Nevil Payne (died 1710?) was a dramatist and agitator for the Roman Catholic cause in Scotland and England. He wrote The Fatal Jealousie (1673), The Morning Ramble (1673), and The Siege of Constantinople (1675). After he finished writing plays, he was heavily involved in the Montgomery Plot in 1689, and was captured and put to torture on 10 December 1690. He was finally released in February 1701, and commenced further plotting. His fate is unknown; Montague Summers's The Works of Aphra Behn suggests 1710 for his death date, but offers no cite.