H. Newell Martin
He was born in Newry, County Down, the son of Henry Martin, a Congregational minister, and educated at the University of London and Christ's College, Cambridge. In 1876 he was appointed to the first professorship of physiology at Johns Hopkins University in the United States. He co-wrote with Thomas Huxley Practical instruction in elementary biology. He collaborated with George Nuttall. He developed the first isolated mammalian heart lung preparation (first described in 1881) which Starling later used to great effect. Martin's own scientific career was curtailed around 1893 due to alcoholism.
He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1885, having delivered their Croonian Lecture in 1883 on "The Direct Influence of Gradual Variations of Temperature upon the Rate of Beat of the Dog's Heart".
- Martin, H. Newell (November 1873). "The structure of the olfactory mucous membrane". Journal of Anatomy and Physiology. 8 (Pt 1): 39–44.1. PMC . PMID 17231007.
- Huxley, T.H.; Martin, H.N. (1875). A course of practical instruction in elementary biology. London, UK: Macmillan and Co. p. 290.
- Martin, H. Newell (January 1877). "The study and teaching of biology". Popular Science Monthly. 10: 298–309. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
Introductory lecture, 23 October 1876.
- Martin, H. Newell (1879). "The normal respiratory movements of the frog, and the influence upon its respiratory centre of stimulation of the optic lobes". Stud Biol Lab Johns Hopkins University (1). Retrieved 12 October 2011.
- Martin, H. Newell (1881). The human body, an account of its structure and activities and the conditions of its healthy working. New York: Henry Holt and Co.
- Martin, H. Newell (1881). "A new method of studying the mammalian heart". Stud Biol Lab Johns Hopkins University (2): 119–130. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
- Martin, H.N.; Moale, WA (1881). A handbook of vertebrate dissection. New York: Macmillan and Co.
- Martin, H. Newell (1882). "Observations on the direct influence of variations of arterial pressure upon the rate of beat of the mammalian heart". Stud Biol Lab Johns Hopkins University. 2: 213–233. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- Martin, H. Newell (1883). "The direct influence of gradual variations of temperature upon the rate of beat of the dog's heart". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. London, UK: Harrison and Sons. 174: 663–688. doi:10.1098/rstl.1883.0021.
- Martin, H. Newell; Stevens, Lewis T. (1883). "The action of ethyl alcohol upon the dog's heart". Stud Biol Lab Johns Hopkins University: 477–494. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- Martin, H. Newell (1885). A correction of certain statements published in the 'Zoophilist' also A castigation and an appeal. Baltimore, MD. p. 11.
- Martin, H. Newell (1884). The human body. A beginner's text-book of anatomy, physiology and hygiene. New York: Henry Holt and Co.
Various co-authors (including his wife for the 1st edition).10th edition online.
- Martin, H. Newell (1891). "Effects of bleeding and starvation upon the proteids of the blood". Medical Record. 40: 365–366.
Quoted by Fye.
- Martin, H. Newell (1895). Physiological papers. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins Press. p. 264.
- Fye, W. B. (1986). "H. Newell Martin and the isolated heart preparation: The link between the frog and open heart surgery". Circulation. 73 (5): 857–64. doi:10.1161/01.cir.73.5.857. PMID 3516445.
- Martin, H Newell (1 January 1883). "The Direct Influence of Gradual Variations of Temperature upon the Rate of Beat of the Dog's Heart" (PDF). Phil Trans R Soc Lond 1883 174, 663-688. London: Royal Society. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
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H. Newell Martin