Herbert Brereton Baker
He was born in Blackburn, Lancashire, the second son of the Reverend John Baker, vicar of St Johns, Livesey, and Caroline Baker. He was educated locally and at Manchester Grammar School. He secured a scholarship to Balliol College, Oxford, where he was awarded an MA.
He conducted pioneering studies on the effects of drying on chemicals and the catalytic effect of moisture in chemical reactions. According to his 1902 FRS application citation he proved that "dry carbon and phosphorus will not inflame when heated in dry oxygen; that dry ammonia and hydrogen chloride when mixed do not unite, and that dry ammonium chloride and calomel respectively vaporise without dissociation... [and that] dry hydrogen and oxygen mixed together are not ignited by exposure to the temperature of melting silver".
He was made CBE in 1917.
- Thorpe, J. F. (1935). "Herbert Brereton Baker. 1862-1935". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society. 1 (4): 522. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1935.0015. JSTOR 768982.
- "Chemist's Biographies". Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- "Court Circular". The Times (36787). London. 6 June 1902. p. 10.
- "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 7 December 2010.
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