Herbert Freundlich

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Herbert Freundlich
Herbert Freundlich ca1922.jpg
Herbert Freundlich
Born (1880-01-28)January 28, 1880
Died March 30, 1941(1941-03-30) (aged 61)
Fields Chemistry
Institutions Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry
University of Minnesota
Notable students Robert Havemann

Herbert Max Finlay Freundlich ForMemRS[1] (28 January 1880 in Charlottenburg – 30 March 1941 in Minneapolis) was a German chemist.[2][3]

His father was Jewish descendable German, and his mother (Finlay) was from Scotland. His younger brother was Erwin Finlay Freundlich (1885–1964)

He was director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry from 1919 until 1933, when the racial policies of the Nazi party demanded the dismissal of non-Aryans from senior posts. In 1934 he became foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.[4]

Emigrating to England, Freundlich accepted a guest professorship at University College London. Five years later, he accepted a professorship at the University of Minnesota. He died in Minneapolis two years later.

His most prominent student was Robert Havemann who became a well known colloid chemist of the German Democratic Republic.

Freundlich's main works dealt with the coagulation and stability of colloidal solutions. His work is of continuing importance, with his 1906 paper "Over the adsorption in solution" becoming highly cited at the beginning of the 21st century.[5]

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  1. ^ Donnan, F. G. (1942). "Herbert Freundlich. 1880-1941". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society. 4 (11): 27–26. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1942.0004. 
  2. ^ Reitstötter, J. (1954). "Herbert Freundlich". Kolloid-Zeitschrift. 139: 1–3. doi:10.1007/BF01502318. 
  3. ^ Gortner, R. A.; Sollner, K. (1941). "Herbert Freundlich 1880-1941". Science. 93 (2418): 414–416. doi:10.1126/science.93.2418.414. PMID 17842472. 
  4. ^ "H. Freundlich (1880 - 1941)". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  5. ^ Q. Ke; et al. (2015). "Defining and identifying Sleeping Beauties in science". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 112: 7426–7431. doi:10.1073/pnas.1424329112. PMC 4475978Freely accessible. PMID 26015563. 

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