Hermann Baranowski

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Hermann Baranowski (11 June 1884 in Schwerin – 5 February 1940 in Aue) was a German politician and military figure. A member of the Nazi Party, he is best known as the commandant of two German concentration camps of the SS Death's Head unit.[1] He was the Schutzhaftlagerführer of Dachau concentration camp in 1938. He served as the SS-Oberführer of Sachsenhausen concentration camp from February 1938 - September 1939.

Due to his husky build, prisoners nicknamed him "Foursquare". He tried to coerce prisoners who were Jehovah's Witnesses to sign statements rejecting their faith.[2]


  1. ^ Tuchel, Konzentrationslager, S. 371. Die bei Tuchel angegebenen Ränge sind auf die zum Zeitpunkt der Ernennung gebräuchlichen Bezeichnungen geändert.
  2. ^ 1974 Yearbook of Jehovah’s Witnesses, Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, 1974, pp. 165-9.[unreliable source?]
Military offices
Preceded by
SS-Standartenführer Otto Reich
Commandant of Lichtenburg concentration camp
April 1936 – October 1936
Succeeded by
SS-Standartenführer Hans Helwig
Preceded by
SS-Oberführer Hans Helwig
Commandant of Sachsenhausen concentration camp
February 1938 – September 1939
Succeeded by
SS-Oberführer Hans Loritz