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The Herz-Jesu-Kirche was built by Ludwig Becker in gothic Revival architecture as a memorial of Bishop Wilhelm Emmanuel Freiherr von Ketteler in the largest working class district of Mainz. Constructive works began 9 August 1911, but were interrupted by the First World War. The Bishop of Mainz, Georg Heinrich Kirstein, laid the first stone. The work was previously completed 28 September 1913 for the choir.
The stained glass windows were created by Alois Plum. After the backup and restoration of the choir in 2001, the choir was painted by Vitus Wurmdobler.