Hester Grenville, 1st Countess Temple
Hester Temple, 1st Countess Temple, 2nd Viscountess Cobham (c. 1690 – 1752) was an English noblewoman.
She was the daughter (and eventual co-heir) of Sir Richard Temple, 3rd Bt. (1634–1697), of Stowe, Buckinghamshire. She married Richard Grenville of Wotton in Buckinghamshire on 25 November 1710, and became the mother of five sons, all of whom served as members of parliament
- Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple (1711-1779), MP
- George Grenville (1712-1770), MP, who was prime minister of the UK from 1763 to 1765. He married Elizabeth Wyndham and had children. (George's son, William Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, also became a prime minister of the UK.)
- James Grenville (1715-1783), MP, who served as a minister under his brother-in-law William Pitt the Younger. He married Mary Smyth and had children.
- Henry Grenville (1717-1784), MP, who married Margaret Eleanor Banks and had children
- Thomas Grenville (1719-1747), MP, a Royal Navy officer, who died at sea, aged 28, unmarried
Hester was the sister of Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, whose title she inherited under a special remainder in 1749; on 18 October of the same year, her husband being long dead, she was created 1st Countess Temple. Cobham had excluded from succession Temple West and Gilbert West, his nephews who were sons of Richard West and his elder sister Maria; and also his other sister Penelope.
- Larsen, Ruth M. "Pitt, Hester". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/89688. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Larsen, Ruth M. - Pitt (née Grenville), Hester, countess of Chatham and suo jure Baroness Chatham (1720–1803), political wife - Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- The Complete Peerage, Volume 12, part one, page 658.
- Kilburn, Matthew. "Temple, Richard". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27119. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
|Peerage of Great Britain|
|New creation||Countess Temple
1749 – 1752
1749 – 1752