Hester Pitt, Countess of Chatham

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


The Countess of Chatham
Hester (nee Grenville) Countess of Chatham (1721-1803) (cropped).jpg
Portrait by William Hoare c. 1766
Spouse of the Prime Minister
of Great Britain
In office
30 July 1766 – 14 October 1768
Preceded byThe Marchioness of Rockingham
Succeeded byThe Duchess of Grafton
Personal details
Born
Hester Grenville

(1720-11-08)8 November 1720
London, England
Died9 April 1803(1803-04-09) (aged 82)
Burton Pynsent, Somerset, England
Resting placeWestminster Abbey
NationalityBritish
Spouse(s)
William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham
(m. 1754; died 1778)
ChildrenHester Stanhope, Viscountess Mahon
John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham
Lady Harriet Eliot
William Pitt the Younger
Hon James Charles Pitt
Parents

Hester Pitt, Countess of Chatham (née Grenville; 8 November 1720 – 9 April 1803) was the wife of William Pitt (the Elder), 1st Earl of Chatham, who was Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1766 to 1768.[1]

The sister of George Grenville, who was Prime Minister from 1763 to 1765, she was also the mother of Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger and a niece of the noted Whig politician Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, who had served as her husband's mentor.

Chatham and Elizabeth Grenville, her sister-in-law, are the only two women in British history to have been both the wife of a Prime Minister and the mother of a Prime Minister.

Early life[edit]

Born on 8 November 1720 in London, she was the only daughter of Richard Grenville and Hester Grenville, 1st Countess Temple.[1]

Marriage[edit]

At 34, Lady Hester married Whig politician William Pitt on 16 November 1754 at her home in Argyle Street, London.[1] They had five children:

On 4 December 1761, she was created "Baroness Chatham", of Chatham, in the County of Kent", with remainder to her sons by William Pitt. Her husband was created Earl of Chatham in 1766.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Cokayne, p. 143.

Sources[edit]

  • Cokayne, George; et al., The Complete Peerage, III
  • Larsen, Ruth M. "Pitt [née Grenville], Hester, countess of Chatham and suo jure Baroness Chatham". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/29986. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

External links[edit]

Unofficial roles
Preceded by
The Marchioness of Rockingham
Spouse of the Prime Minister of Great Britain
1766–1768
Succeeded by
The Duchess of Grafton
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baroness Chatham
1761–1803
Succeeded by
The Lady Chatham