Heta-uma (ヘタウマ or ヘタうま) is a Japanese underground manga movement started in the 1970 decade with the magazine Garo. Heta-uma can be translated as "bad but good", designating a work which looks poorly drawn, but with an aesthetically conscious quality, opposed to the polished look of mainstream manga.
Notes and references
- name, Site. "The 'bad but good' trailblazing of Yumura Teruhiko, by Paul Gravett / ArtReview". artreview.com. Retrieved 2016-11-08.
- Schodt, Frederik L. (2014-01-02). Dreamland Japan: Writings on Modern Manga. Stone Bridge Press, Inc. ISBN 9781611725537.
- Thompson, Jason (2012-07-03). Manga: The Complete Guide. Random House Publishing Group. ISBN 9780345539441.
- "Avant manga". Japan Today. Retrieved 2016-11-08.