History of the Hungarians in Vienna

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The city of Vienna, Austria once included a large Hungarian population.

History[edit]

Hungarians established a community in Vienna (Hungarian Bécs) from 1541 following the 1526 battle of Mohács.[1] Towards the end of the 17th century the city became a key cultural center for Hungarians.[1] Hungarian students graduated from the Vienna University and from the 17th century onwards there was an increasing influx of Hungarian craftsmen into Vienna. The first cultural associations were set up in Vienna in the 1860s.[1] 130,300 residents of Vienna in 1910 were citizens of the Hungarian part of the empire, while only 45,000 of them were also ethnically Hungarians. After World War I a re-emigration started. In censuses of the Interwar period Hungarians counted between 1000-2000 people.[2] After World War II The population sharply decreased again, as the Soviets used force to repatriate key workers of Hungarian or Czech origin to return to their ethnic homelands to further the Soviet Bloc economy. However, refugees from Hungary increased the numbers again in 1945, 1948 and 1956.[1]

In the 2010s, according to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, a number of Hungarian Jews have fled antisemitism in Hungary and resettled in Vienna.[3][dubious ]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Austria : Burgenland and Viennese Hungarians". Minority Rights Group International. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. 2008. Retrieved 2014-07-18.
  2. ^ C. Paulston, D. Peckham. Linguistic Minorities in Central and Eastern Europe, p. 21
  3. ^ "Anti-Semitism pushing out Hungarian Jews, Vienna community says". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved 2014-07-18.

Further reading[edit]

  • Fleischer, Gyula. Magyarok a Bécsi Képzőművészeti Akadémián, Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Kiadása, 1935.
  • Fried, István; Kovács, Sándor. Magyarok Bécsben, Bécsről, József Attila Tudományegyetem Bölcsészettudományi Karának Összehasonlító Irodalomtudományi Tanszéke, 1993.
  • Mayes, Catherine. Domesticating the foreign: Hungarian-Gypsy music in Vienna at the turn of the nineteenth century, Cornell University, 2008.
  • Szép, Ernő. Magyar drámák a Bécsi színpadokon, Királyi Magyar Egyetemi Nyomda, 1930.